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Countries to finalise Paris climate rules by 2018

21 Nov 2016 11:28 GMT
Countries to finalise Paris climate rules by 2018

London, 21 November (Argus) — Countries have agreed to finalise the rules that will underpin the UN Paris climate agreement's implementation by 2018.

The deadline is the same year that parties will hold a facilitative dialogue to assess their collective progress towards achieving a balance between greenhouse gas (GHG) sources and sinks in the second half of this century.

The dialogue is intended to help countries finalise their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) for 2020, with a view to scaling up ambition, to bridge the gap between present pledges and the mitigation required to remain in line with the Paris deal's goals.

The US, Germany, Canada and Mexico last week at the 22nd Conference of the Parties in Marrakesh, Morocco, presented decarbonisation strategies with concrete GHG abatement targets for 2050.

The US and Canada will reduce their emissions by 80pc from 2005 levels, while Germany aims to cut its by 80-95pc compared with a 1990 baseline. Mexico has pledged to halve its emissions relative to 2000.

India and China have undertaken to develop similar strategies, and a further 25 countries have indicated their intention to do the same.

The Marrakesh Partnership for Global Climate Action has been launched to help governments and non-state organisations align their policies.

China and the EU will fulfil their NDCs, regardless of US policy, the two countries said following Republican Donald Trump's 8 November presidential election victory. Trump said on the campaign trail that he would "cancel" the deal.

But the structure of the Paris agreement means that it can withstand policy shifts by individual governments, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change said. Australia, Botswana, Japan, Pakistan and Italy have ratified the deal since Trump's election.

Representatives from 47 of the world's poorest countries late last week committed to cover their energy demand with renewables by 2050.