China looks overseas for transport fuel supplies

  • Spanish Market: Oil products
  • 29/06/21

Chinese state-controlled refiner CNOOC, a typical exporter of transport fuels, has turned to the international market to buy gasoline because of firm domestic prices.

The refiner bought a 210,000 bl 92R gasoline cargo that was discharged at Nantong port in east China's Jiangsu province in late June in a rare move. Other details of the shipment could not be confirmed. ExxonMobil could have chartered the Chang Hang Hong Tu to load finished gasoline from Singapore's Vopak Banyan oil tanks on 9 June. The cargo was likely discharged at CNOOC's Nantong port terminal on 22 June, according to oil analytics firm Vortexa.

The Argus 92R Shandong price premium against Argus 92R Singapore spot assessments remains above $8/bl this week, higher than the first-half 2021 average of around a $4.38/bl premium so far. But Chinese imports may be constrained by limited import quotas and as domestic prices start to soften. The Chinese domestic price premium against the Singapore price peaked on 21 May at $13.62/bl, but fell steadily to reach $8.89/bl yesterday.

CNOOC is joined by fellow state-owned refiner Sinochem, another major exporter of transport fuels, in importing cargoes into China. Sinochem imported in late May 118,300 bl of 92R gasoline and 283,500 bl of ultra-low-sulphur-diesel for delivery to Dongguan port in south China's Guangdong province. This is the first bulk gasoline import for delivery to Dongguan in recent years.

CNOOC usually sells about 2-3 medium-range gasoline cargoes each month through spot tenders but has offered just 12,000t of gasoline for loading from Dongfang in June and one 35,000t cargo of non-oxygenated gasoline for 17-18 May loading in the past two months, according to Argus' tender records.

China is a major supplier of transport fuels to the Asian region. It exported 423,000 b/d of gasoline and 405,000 b/d of gasoil in May compared with 414,000 b/d and 676,500 b/d respectively in April. But China's transport fuel imports were showing signs of rising during the month, with its purchase of 23,000 b/d of gasoline the highest since May 2020 and 23,500 b/d of gasoil the highest since February 2021.


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24/06/24

Industria mexicana se enfrenta a un peso más débil

Industria mexicana se enfrenta a un peso más débil

Mexico City, 24 June (Argus) — La depreciación del peso mexicano después de las elecciones ha afectado al comercio e inversión en energía, con un dólar estadounidense más caro elevando el precio de las importaciones de combustible y gas natural. El peso perdió aproximadamente 11pc de su valor frente al dólar estadounidense a medida que los mercados reaccionaron a la abrumadora victoria electoral del partido en el poder Morena en las elecciones del 2 de junio. El tipo de cambio saltó de Ps16.65/$1 solo una semana antes de la votación a un pico de Ps18.99/$1 en los días siguientes. Desde entonces, la tasa se ha estabilizado en Ps18.30-Ps18.50/$1 en los últimos días. "El nuevo umbral para el tipo de cambio probablemente será de Ps18 por dólar", afirmó Gabriela Soni, directora de inversiones de UBS Asesores México. Añadió que, aunque el movimiento ha sido abrupto, "creemos que está justificado dada la aprobación esperada de las reformas constitucionales que tienen el potencial de erosionar el sistema de división de poderes y afectar a las decisiones de inversión en el país." Soni se refirió a la consolidación histórica del poder político asegurado por Morena y los partidos aliados en las elecciones que les entregó no solo la presidencia, como se esperaba, sino el control de 27 de las 32 gubernaturas estatales, y solo a unos pocos escaños en el senado de obtener mayorías calificadas en ambas cámaras del congreso. Con los resultados, el camino está muy claro para que el presidente Andrés Manuel López Obrador apruebe las controvertidas reformas judiciales durante su último mes en el poder en septiembre. Esto podría significar la eliminación de las reformas energéticas promercado aprobadas en 2014, la disolución de los reguladores del sector energético de México y el endurecimiento de la visión estatista de López Obrador de un sector energético dominado por la empresa estatal de petróleo y gas Pemex y la empresa de electricidad CFE. El tipo de cambio podría bajar aún más en los próximos meses si la economía se mantiene estable, dijo Pedro López, director adjunto de análisis económico de Banco BASE, un banco especializado mexicano que apoya a las empresas internacionales con operaciones en el país. Dicho esto, el tipo de cambio frente al dólar estadounidense "continuará estando sometido a presiones más elevadas estos meses hasta las elecciones presidenciales de EE. UU. en noviembre", dijo López. López dijo que el mercado debería tener una imagen más clara de México para finales de año, después de las elecciones estadounidenses y con mayor claridad después de la próxima sesión legislativa mexicana. Añadió que las presiones inflacionistas derivadas del aumento del tipo de cambio probablemente llevarían al banco central a mantener la tasa de interés de referencia en 11pc, manteniendo tasas de interés altas en México. Estas, a su vez, atraen a los inversionistas globales de nuevo al peso bajo la dinámica actual de tasas, suponiendo que no haya perturbaciones adicionales. Balance de energía Dado que México es un importador neto de energía desde 2015, "una depreciación del peso mexicano tiende a empeorar el balance del petróleo", afirmó Soni. "Sin embargo, México es un exportador neto en sectores no energéticos, especialmente en la fabricación, y la balanza comercial se beneficiaría en estos sectores." Y aunque el tipo de cambio puede ayudar a México a ganar más dinero por las exportaciones de petróleo, "tenemos que recordar que son cada vez menos", dijo Víctor Herrera, jefe de estudios económicos del Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos Financieros (IMEF). Pemex está redirigiendo el petróleo hacia sus refinerías, bajo el mandato del presidente para aumentar la producción nacional de combustible. Como resultado, las exportaciones de petróleo crudo mexicano cayeron 31pc año con año en abril a 618,000 b/d. A pesar de los esfuerzos, los productos refinados importados de EE. UU. siguen representando aproximadamente 72pc de su consumo nacional de gasolina, diésel, gas natural y turbosina, según los datos de la secretaria de energía. Se necesitará tiempo para saber qué beneficios, si los hubiera, aportan las ventas de petroleo de Pemex al extranjero, que se traducen en pesos adicionales, afirmó Herrera. Mientras tanto, añadió: "pagaremos dólares más caros para importar gasolina." Por James Young Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Trinidad considers offers for shut oil refinery


24/06/24
24/06/24

Trinidad considers offers for shut oil refinery

Kingston, 24 June (Argus) — Trinidad and Tobago is again seeking an operator for the mothballed state-owned 165,000 b/d Guaracara refinery, and will decide by the end of August on several offers for the facility, prime minister Keith Rowley said on Sunday. The government has received eight expressions of interest from domestic and foreign companies to purchase or lease the refinery at Pointe-a-Pierre on the southwest coast that was closed six years ago, government officials told Argus . Rowley did not name the potential operators. But Indian steel producer Jindal Steel and Power "is interested in the potential of the refinery," Rowley's office said last week after he met in Port of Spain with the company's chairman Naveen Jindal. Trinidad shut the refinery in 2018 after a steady decline in crude production forced increases in imported feedstock, sending up refining costs that the government said were "unsustainable." A new owner would likely face similar challenges in obtaining feedstock as the country's crude production has moved from 144,400 b/d in 2005 to average 49,880 b/d in January-March of this year. A restart of the refinery "will be feasible only if there are arrangements for access to competitively priced imported crude that will allow profitable operating margins," a government official told Argus today. The government is making "very good progress" in efforts to offload the refinery, energy minister Stuart Young said on 21 June. But the company that would take over the plant "would have to be able to address several issues including asset management and the financial capability to operate the refinery," Young said. The government has failed since 2018 to reach an agreement with domestic and foreign interests for reopening the refinery. It renewed efforts to offload the facility following the late 2020 collapse of a sale agreement with area labour union-owned company PET that made a $700mn offer, outbidding US private equity firm Beowulf Energy and German refiner and trader Klesch. The government and California-based electrical contractor Quanten failed to reach an agreement in December 2022 for the takeover of the refinery. Growing oil producer Guyana rejected a proposal from Trinidad in February that it should supply crude to allow the Guaracara plant to be reopened. By Canute James Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Rising middle distillate prices deter German buyers


24/06/24
24/06/24

Rising middle distillate prices deter German buyers

Hamburg, 24 June (Argus) — Rising middle distillate values weighed on domestic sales in Germany last week, although the price hike was less pronounced in the south of the country because of oversupply. German middle distillate prices increased for a second consecutive week. Heating oil averaged around €81.10/100 litres last week and diesel just under €125.60/100l, up by almost €2.00/100l and €1.80/100l on the previous week, respectively. The main driver was a rise in the front-month Ice gasoil futures contract, which reached its highest level since mid-April at $790/t on 19 June, underpinned by supply concerns. But according to traders and importers, Germany itself has no physical supply shortages. The opposite was true in some regions, where oversupply capped price rises last week. This was notably the case in the south and southwest of Germany, where prices went up at a slower pace than the national average. Rising prices are deterring buyers and weighing on middle distillate sales, traders said. This is reflected in nationwide traded spot volumes of heating oil and diesel reported to Argus, which fell by a respective 46pc and 22pc last week compared with the previous week. Gasoil imports via northern German ports are declining because of ample domestic production, which has resulted in the cif Hamburg assessment's premium to Ice gasoil futures falling by €2.50/100l since 11 June. Diesel cargo volumes imported to northern Germany in June are at their lowest level since February at 58,500 b/d according to Vortexa data. By Johannes Guhlke Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Toyo, SCG enhance waste plastics recycling partnership


24/06/24
24/06/24

Toyo, SCG enhance waste plastics recycling partnership

Tokyo, 24 June (Argus) — Japanese engineering firm Toyo Engineering and Thai petrochemical producer SCG Chemicals plan to enhance their partnership in the chemical recycling of waste plastics, aiming to launch an upgraded demonstration plant in Thailand by early 2025. The agreement to co-operate on the future commercialisation of the chemical recycling technology of SCG subsidiary Circular Plas (CirPlas) and the development of a licensing business is a follow-up to the companies' initial deal to study the feasibility of chemical recycling in Thailand in January 2022. CirPlas is 60pc owned by SCG and has developed chemical recycling technology turning mixed plastic wastes into naphtha and then plastic resins. Toyo and SCG plan to add a new unit to the operating pilot plant in south Thailand's Rayong province. The companies are still examining the output capacity of the enhanced pilot plant and future commercial operation. They are unsure when they will start operations of the commercial venture. The circular economy has been a major topic in Japan's petrochemical industry on the back of the country's 2050 decarbonisation goal. Petrochemical producer Mitsui Chemicals in March began using pyrolysis oil , generated from waste plastics, to manufacture petrochemical products at its Osaka naphtha-fed cracker. Sumitomo Chemical plans to begin recycling polymethyl methacrylate in 2025. By Nanami Oki Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Shipping industry urges action to stop Red Sea attacks


20/06/24
20/06/24

Shipping industry urges action to stop Red Sea attacks

Dubai, 20 June (Argus) — The International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) has called for urgent action to stop "unlawful attacks" on commercial shipping in the Red Sea by Yemen's Houthi rebels after the sinking of a second bulk carrier since November last year. "This is an unacceptable situation, and these attacks must stop now," the ICS said. "We call for states with influence in the region to safeguard our innocent seafarers and for the swift de-escalation of the situation in the Red Sea." The Iran-backed Houthis began attacking ships in the Red Sea six weeks after the Israel-Hamas war broke out last year in what they claim is an act of solidarity with Palestinians in Gaza. The British-owned, Belize-flagged Handysize bulk carrier Rubymar sank on 4 March this year, four weeks after a Houthi attack. And the United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO) said on 19 June that it believes the Greek-owned and operated bulk carrier Tutor has also sunk after the Houthis struck it with an unmanned surface vessel on 12 June. Since the attacks began, three sailors have been killed and two ships seized in separate incidents, one of which has since been freed. "We have heard the condemnation and appreciate the words of support, but we urgently seek action to stop the unlawful attacks on these vital workers and this vital industry," the ICS said. "And we must not forget the crew members from the [cargo vessel] Galaxy Leader and [containership] MSC Aries who are still being held captive." The Houthis have stepped up their attacks in recent days, prompting counter measures by US and UK military forces deployed in the area. The Red Sea is one of the world's most important shipping lanes, serving as a vital trade link between Europe and Asia. The attacks have led to an increase in freight rates and shipping insurance costs. And they have disrupted trade flows through the Suez Canal at the northern end of the Red Sea as many shipowners opt to avoid the area by taking the longer route around the southern tip of Africa. The combined flow of crude and oil products transiting the Suez Canal in both directions dropped by 34pc on the month and by 65pc on the year in May, according to preliminary data from trade analytics firm Kpler. Most oil passing through the canal southbound is now of Russian origin — 92pc in May, according to Kpler data. India, China and the Middle East were the main destinations. By Bachar Halabi Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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