Overview

Oil, gas and dry cargoes are being shipped all over the world every day. With seaborne transportation comes exposure to shipping costs. Be it via direct cost or through the prices of feedstocks or finished products, a freight factor is always there. Highly sensitive to market shifts, geopolitics and regulations, freight is a complex and volatile part of every trade.

To manage this exposure, industry participants, from producers and traders to government agencies and financial institutions rely on our freight data for contracts, pricing formulas, analytics and arbitrage tracking.

Argus Freight consists of three dedicated services, covering trade flows for tankers, dry bulk and gas markets. Each service provides daily freight indexes, industry-specific news, market analysis and exclusive content. This enables you to connect the dots between commodity prices and shipping costs, giving you a complete view of the supply chain.

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11/04/24

Japanese firms target ammonia-fuelled bulk carrier

Japanese firms target ammonia-fuelled bulk carrier

Tokyo, 11 April (Argus) — A group of Japanese companies plan to work with Germany-based engine manufacturer MAN Energy Solutions in developing an ammonia-fuelled bulk carrier. Shipping firms Kwasaki Kisen Kaisha (Kline) and NS United Kaiun, trading house Itochu and vessel engineering firms Nihon Shipyard and Mitsui E&S signed an initial agreement on 10 April to develop a pilot 200,000dwt-class bulk carrier equipped with an ammonia-fuelled engine. The vessel will be used to collect data for building future commercial ships. Kline said it is unsure when the pilot vessel will be commissioned and when it will begin operating the ammonia-fuelled bulk carriers. The companies are also currently unsure how much ammonia will be needed for voyages. MAN Energy Solutions and Mitsui E&S will develop the ammonia-fuelled engine, Nihon Shipyard will build the vessel, while Itochu, Kline and NS United Kaiun will manage the ship to collect operating data. Itochu will also be in charge of sharing ammonia supply chain-related information. Japanese shipping firm NYK Line, engine developers IHI Power Systems and Japan Engine, Nihon Shipyard and Japanese classification society Class NK are also attempting to build an ammonia-fuelled ammonia carrier , targeting a commissioning in 2026. By Nanami Oki Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

April-May maintenance to close Australian coal systems


10/04/24
10/04/24

April-May maintenance to close Australian coal systems

Sydney, 10 April (Argus) — Australian rail firm Aurizon will close the 50mn t/yr Blackwater coal system in Queensland over 13-17 April for maintenance, with further closures scheduled for May. The firm, which operates the Central Queensland Coal Network (CQCN), confirmed that it plans to close its 60mn t/yr Goonyella system during 1-3 May, its 15mn t/yr Moura system for 14-16 May and Blackwater again during 27-29 May, as part of an annual planned maintenance programme. The only CQCN system not included in the maintenance programme is the 15mn t/yr Newlands system. Blackwater and Moura deliver coal to the port of Gladstone from the southern end of the Bowen basin. Goonyella delivers to the adjacent ports of Dalrymple Bay Coal Terminal, which is a multi-user facility, and BHP-operated Hay Point from the central Bowen basin. Newlands delivers to Abbot Point from the northern Bowen basin. Aurizon, Pacific National, BHP and some smaller coal haulage operators use the CQCN. Aurizon is targeting a 5pc year-on-year growth in coal haulage by its fleet across the CQCN and New South Wales/southern Queensland in the 2023-24 fiscal year to 30 June. This implies a target of 194mn t for 2023-24. It hauled 94mn t during July-December, leaving it a target of 100mn t for January-June. By Jo Clarke Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Panama Canal to restrict May transits on work


09/04/24
09/04/24

Panama Canal to restrict May transits on work

New York, 9 April (Argus) — Maintenance at the Panama Canal for the Panamax locks, responsible for around 70pc of all ship crossings at the waterway, will cut the daily number of vessel transits through these locks for nine days in mid-May, the Panama Canal Authority (ACP) said today. The ACP said it will reduce Panamax lock transits from 7 May to 14 May by three to a total of 17. The cuts entail two fewer "super" category slots for vessels like medium range (MR) tankers and Supramax bulkers and one fewer "regular" category slot for smaller vessels. An additional day of downtime "allowing 24 hours for unforeseeable maintenance delays" will put the projected end-date for maintenance and the return to 20 total Panamax lock transits on 16 May, according to the ACP, constituting a nine-day reduced-transit period that should drop total transits in the period by around 27 vessels. The potential for heightened competition amid a backlog of vessels vying to transit during this time could be mitigated by assigning "additional transits per day for each vessel category" based on the canal's "daily water consumption quota", according to the ACP. "These additional slots may be assigned to booked vessels that have already arrived at canal waters," the ACP said. "This measure is a temporary service subject to operational assessment, open to all vessel types based on the arrival date." The maintenance will primarily target the west lane of the Gatun locks, where ships enter the Panama Canal from the Atlantic basin, while the ACP noted that the east lane of the Miraflores locks on the Pacific side will undergo a simultaneous maintenance period from 11-12 May. Panamax lock transit auction prices hit low The average cost for ship operators to win an auction to transit the Panama Canal via the Panamax locks hit its lowest level Monday since Argus began the assessment in January on lower demand, particularly for dry bulkers utilizing alternative routings, and an uptick in auction slots in early March . "Since the peak period last year, auction prices have leveled off. They are generally near normal levels today," said the ACP. The rate for a Panamax lock auction dropped by $14,173 to $94,314, the lowest average price to transit since 26 January and representing a drop of $450,936 from the high hit on 5 February on a jump in demand ahead of lunar new year holidays across Asia-Pacific. Of the smaller dry bulkers that can fit in the Panamax locks, only 34 Handysize, 38 Supramax, and 31 Ultramax bulkers transited the Panama Canal in March compared with the 92 Handysize, 66 Supramax, and 88 Ultramax bulkers that transited in March 2023, the lowest number of transits in March for these segments through 2017, according to Kpler data. Dry bulk Panama Canal transits down, tanker transits stabilizing The share of dry bulkers utilizing the Panamax locks at the Panama Canal was at 15.2pc of total transits in February, down from the 25.5pc share that dry bulkers held in September 2023, according to ACP data, before the ACP instituted daily vessel restrictions and the current prebooking/auction slot system supplanted the previous, first-come, first-serve waiting system in late October 2023. Meanwhile, 149 MR tankers transited in March, down from the 169 that transited in the same period the year prior but up from the 107 MRs that crossed the canal in February. MR transits have risen every year in March, according to Kpler, as west coast South America diesel demand jumps on the resurgence of refinery utilization in the US Gulf coast after the first quarter turnaround season draws to a close. Crude, product, and chemical tanker transits rose by 1.7 percentage points to 30.3pc, making up the plurality of all Panamax lock transits collectively in February from September 2023, according to ACP data. The uptick in available Panamax lock auctions in early March has likely offset the steady demand for these vessels and contributed to the downward pressure on auction prices, while the reduced transits during the upcoming nine days of maintenance could reverse this trend in the short term. ACP expects transit restrictions to lift by 2025 In the long term, the Panama Canal expects a return to normalcy within the next two years, beginning with the start of the rainy season in the coming weeks. "Current forecasts indicate that steady rainfall will arrive in late April and continue for a few months," the ACP said today. "If this remains the case, the canal plans to gradually ease transit restrictions, allowing conditions to fully normalize by 2025." By Ross Griffith Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Rio Tinto, Fortescue slow WA iron ore exports


08/04/24
08/04/24

Rio Tinto, Fortescue slow WA iron ore exports

London, 8 April (Argus) — Iron ore shipments from Western Australia's (WA) four largest producers fell in the week to 6 April, on the back of lower volumes exported by Rio Tinto and Fortescue, but remain above the average so far in 2024. Exports next week are likely to be lower because of disruptions caused by tropical cyclone Olga. The four Pilbara iron ore producers — BHP, Fortescue, Rio Tinto and Roy Hill — loaded vessels with a combined capacity of 18.53mn deadweight tonnes (dwt), down from 18.94mn dwt in the week to 30 March — the dwt capacity is the maximum capacity of a vessel and overestimates actual shipments by about 5pc. Rio Tinto's exports fell to 6.32mn dwt from 8.32mn dwt in the previous week and slightly below the average so far in 2024 of 6.47mn dwt. The volumes dropped as the company loaded additional volumes during the week to 30 March, which it did not repeat in the week to 6 April. Rio Tinto facilities at Port Walcott did not ship anything since 6 April as port suspended operations over the weekend because of Cyclone Olga. Fortescue's iron ore loadings decreased in the week to 6 April to 3.86mn dwt from the previous week at 4.03mn dwt. BHP's and Roy Hill's exports increased. BHP loaded 6.75mn dwt during the week, up from 5.25mn dwt in the week to 30 March, and Roy Hill loaded vessels with 1.57mn dwt, up from 1.33mn dwt in the week to 30 March. Overall iron ore shipments from WA fell to 16mn dwt in 1-6 April, down from 16.02mn dwt in the same period of 2023, according to provisional shipping data. Shipments to China dropped to 12.25mn dwt from 12.82mn dwt across the same time frames. By Andrey Telegin Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

РЖД ожидает роста погрузки в апреле


05/04/24
05/04/24

РЖД ожидает роста погрузки в апреле

Moscow, 5 April (Argus) — План погрузки на сети российских железных дорог сформирован на текущий месяц в размере 3,42 млн т/сут. (102,6 млн т), что выше 3,40 млн т /сут. (105,3 млн т) в марте, сообщил заместитель генерального директора РЖД — начальник Центра фирменного транспортного обслуживания Алексей Шило на брифинге на этой неделе. Тем не менее ожидаемый результат на 2,7% ниже, чем годом ранее. В РЖД ожидают сохранение тенденций I квартала. В частности, мы берем в расчет снижение [относительно аналогичного периода прошло года] перевозок угля на 2,2 млн т в южном направлении, строительных грузов — на 1,2 млн т, а кроме того, мы видим уменьшение предъявления черных металлов и, как следствие, сопутствующих грузов — металлолома и железной руды. Пока заявки по поставкам металлургической продукции на внутренний рынок сокращаются, ожидаем потери в этом сегменте в апреле на уровне 1 млн т, — пояснил Шило. Но во II квартале в компании ожидают улучшения ситуации. Планируется рост перевозок нефтепродуктов, зерновых грузов, а также минеральных удобрений. Начинают оживать перевозки строительных грузов: во внутрироссийском сообщении сокращение немного уменьшается, видим увеличение предъявления в этом сегменте, — отметил Шило. Значительное влияние на погрузку окажут объемы экспорта угля. В госкомпании ожидают некоторого восстановления отправок в южном направлении, которые резко снизились после прекращения отгрузок в феврале на Таманский терминал навалочных грузов (ТТНГ), принадлежащий компании Отэко, ввиду высоких, по мнению грузовладельцев, ставок перевалки. В Отэко сообщили, что соглашение о возобновлении поставок достигнуто пока только с Распадской угольной компанией, входящей в Евраз, с другими добывающими компаниями переговоры еще продолжаются. Потенциал для прироста погрузки отмечается и на северо-западе, где есть свободные мощности по перевалке зерновых грузов. Высокий уровень загрузки ожидается на Восточном полигоне, объединяющем Красноярскую, Восточно-Сибирскую, Забайкальскую и Дальневосточную железные дороги. Через так называемое контрольное сечение КПМИ (Комплексный план модернизации и расширения магистральной инфраструктуры до 2024 г.) Комсомольск-на-Амуре (Хабаровский край) — Волочаевка (Еврейская автономная обл.) в текущем году планируется перевезти 162,2 млн т различных грузов. Проектная провозная мощность на этом направлении на 31 декабря 2023 г. составила 173 млн т/год, таким образом, гарантированные мощности будут загружены примерно на 93,8%. Предполагается, что из запланированного объема 111 млн т придется на угольную продукцию, 15 млн т — на контейнерные грузы, 13,4 млн т — на нефтепродукты, 6 млн т — на черные металлы. По итогам I квартала прирост грузопотока через контрольное сечение составил порядка 2%. В то же время у нас достаточно много грузов идет по Восточному полигону во внутрироссийском сообщении, не доезжая до контрольного сечения КПМИ. Эта погрузка идет более высокими темпами, чем было заложено в планах, в том числе и потому что угольные компании Кузбасса выиграли тендеры на поставку продукции для потребителей из Хабаровского края, — сообщил Шило. Константин Мозговой ___________________ Перспективы развития рынков удобрений в фокусе обсуждения конференции Argus Минеральные удобрения – 2022. Рынки стран СНГ, Каспия и Черного моря 15-16 сентября, Батуми (Грузия). Больше ценовой информации и аналитических материалов о рынке транспортировки навалочных, генеральных грузов и контейнеров — в ежемесячном отчете Argus Логистика сухих грузов . Подписаться на аналитический дайджест Вы можете присылать комментарии по адресу или запросить дополнительную информацию feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Группа Argus Media . Все права защищены.

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