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Russia boosts ferrous scrap export duty

  • Spanish Market: Metals
  • 12/01/21

Russia's government has increased the country's duty on ferrous scrap exports, effective from the end of this month.

Prime minister Mikhail Mishustin signed the resolution approving the duty on 30 December. The document prescribes to settle the export duty for ferrous scrap at 5pc but no less than €45/t ($54.76/t) for 180 days starting from 29 January. This triples the minimal value threshold of the duty, which is currently at 5pc but not less than €15/t ($18.24/t).

The increase was indicated in the Russian ministry of economic development's draft bill that followed a request by the country's pipemakers.

The Argus daily fob Russia/Ukraine Black Sea assessment for short-sea A3 cargoes on 11 January was $447.50/t (€367.50/t) fob. Any cargo sold at this level would currently be subject to a tariff of €18.38/t. From the end of this month, the size of the duty for this price will increase to €45/t.

While scrap prices remain strong, the increased duty is unlikely to result in any complete drop-off in Russian scrap exports, as margins between dock prices and Turkish import prices are currently well in excess of $100/t, which is sufficient to absorb the higher tariff. But it is likely to make Russian exporters more cautious in their sales activity and they will be acutely sensitive to any drop in the market that could cause the €45/t duty to cut further into their margins.

"While the market is robust, the difference is most likely to be borne by end-buyers, demand from which was strong in the end of 2020 and is expected to remain firm during the first quarter of this year at least, maintained by bullish sentiment in the wider ferrous context and high global steel prices," one large exporter said.

News of the higher duty on Russian exports may bring additional support to imported scrap prices in Turkey, which is the key outlet for Russian ferrous scrap exporters. The Turkish scrap import price has continued to move higher this month, with the Argus daily HMS 1/2 80:20 cfr Turkey steel scrap assessment rising to $482/t yesterday.

Some scrap exporters in St Petersburg, and the southern ports of Rostov and Yeysk, are trying to implement customs clearance of the whole tonnage they have contracted for shipments in the first quarter in January before the new duty comes into force.

Other traders have preferred to adopt a wait-and-see stance, citing uncertainty in the market following Russia's extended new year holidays, which ended only yesterday.


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18/07/24

India’s MRAI urges zero import duty on Al scrap

India’s MRAI urges zero import duty on Al scrap

Mumbai, 18 July (Argus) — The Material Recycling Association of India (MRAI) has urged the government to remove import duties on aluminium scrap in its budget to be presented on 23 July. "Among the key challenges faced by the Indian aluminium recycling industry is paying [a] 2.5pc import duty on aluminium scrap," MRAI said in a letter to India's finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman. "It is a key raw material for aluminium recycling and the government should make it zero until the quality material is available in sufficient quantity in the domestic market." The government has a duty to create a level playing field between primary and secondary aluminium producers, said MRAI president Sanjay Mehta. "If customs duties are applicable on import of scrap, then commensurate export duties on the basis of total cost to country on primary products should also be levied." India does not have sufficient supplies of good quality metal scrap to support its recycling industry and relies heavily on imports. The current import duty system, coupled with the lack of aluminium scrap in India, reduce Indian producers' competitiveness in global markets because most other countries have no import duty on metal scrap. This could decelerate the country's effort to achieve its sustainability goals, added MRAI senior vice-president Dhawal Shah and the managing director of CMR Green Technologies Mohan Agarwal. India imported 1.83mn t of aluminium scrap in 2023 with more than a quarter coming from the US. Europe, the Middle East and north Africa are its other key suppliers. By Deepika Singh Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

China's Sunwoda plans $275mn battery plant in Vietnam


18/07/24
18/07/24

China's Sunwoda plans $275mn battery plant in Vietnam

Singapore, 18 July (Argus) — Major Chinese lithium-ion battery manufacturer Sunwoda plans to build a 2bn yuan ($275mn) battery plant in northern Vietnam's Bac Giang province. The site is expected to produce consumer battery cells, system-in-package and batteries, said Sunwoda. Capacity was undisclosed but the site is expected to generate around $1bn/yr of revenue, according to an official portal by Bac Giang Provincial People's committee. Northern Vietnam houses sites of multiple major technology and semiconductor firms including Apple, Foxconn and Samsung, but unannounced or short-notice power cuts have affected production bases in the region. Power outages in Northern Vietnam during May-June 2023 disrupted production and were estimated to have shaved 0.3pc off the country's GDP, according to a 2023 report by World Bank. But the province has "overcome the power supply difficulties", said the current chairman of the Bac Giang Provincial People's committee chair Le Anh Duong. The power supply lines and stations for manufacturing plants in the province have been strengthened, Duong said, adding that the province is looking at upgrading its electricity transmission system and prioritising the allocation of electricity output to key manufacturing companies. Sunwoda will be on its power supply priority list if Sunwoda goes ahead with the investment, said Duong. Rising market barrier pressure and overseas demand prompted major Chinese battery firms to expand overseas in an attempt to deal with geopolitical curbs. Disclosed overseas investment from China's lithium-ion battery sector totalled Yn565bn as of June, according to Chinese research institution EV Tank earlier this month. By Joseph Ho Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

BHP posts higher nickel output after disruptions


17/07/24
17/07/24

BHP posts higher nickel output after disruptions

Singapore, 17 July (Argus) — Australian resources group BHP lifted its nickel production during April-June as it recovered from planned maintenance and wet weather disruptions in the previous quarter. BHP's refined nickel production for April-June rose by 22pc against the previous quarter and by 4.5pc from a year earlier to 23,000t. The increased output was a result of a low base in the previous quarter with planned maintenance at the Kwinana refinery in Western Australia (WA) and poor weather conditions in March, the firm said. Total refined nickel output for the 2023-24 fiscal ending 30 June was 81,600t, up by 2pc from the same period last year. BHP on 11 July announced that it will temporarily suspend operations at its WA nickel businesses from October, on the back of nickel oversupply and an anticipated nickel price downtrend. BHP has also decided to halt operations at its Kambalda concentrator earlier in February, placing it into a care and maintenance phase from June. Mining and processing operations at the Kwinana refinery, Kalgoorlie smelter and Mount Keith and Leinster mines will be suspended, while development of the West Musgrave project will be put on hold. BHP will implement a care and maintenance programme to ensure the safety and integrity of its mines and infrastructure. It will invest around $300mn/yr following the transition period to support a potential restart of the facility. The transition period will start from July, with operations to be halted in October and completely stopped by December. BHP intends to review the closure by February 2027. BHP expects to record negative earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation of around $300mn for 2023-24 and sustain a further $300mn pre-tax non-cash impairment charge following the temporary suspension decision. Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Rio Tinto to boost 2H Australian iron ore shipments


16/07/24
16/07/24

Rio Tinto to boost 2H Australian iron ore shipments

Sydney, 16 July (Argus) — UK-Australian mining firm Rio Tinto must ship at least 165mn t of iron ore from Western Australia (WA) during July-December, after a derailment disrupted exports in April-June, cutting first half sales to 158mn t. The firm maintained its WA iron ore shipments guidance of 323mn-338mn t for 2024 on a 100pc basis, despite losing six days of port deliveries because of a derailment in May. It shipped 80.3mn t of iron ore from WA on a 100pc basis during April-June, up from 78mn t for January-March , when cyclone-season weather disrupted exports. It was also up by 2pc from April-June 2023, as productivity gains offset ore depletion. The target of 165mn-180mn t for July-December is achievable for Rio Tinto, which often boosts shipments in the second half of a calendar and its financial year. It shipped 170.7mn t during July-December 2023 and 161.7mn t for January-June 2023, for a total of 332mn t in 2023. Low-grade SP10 iron ore made up 17pc of its WA sales during January-June, up from 14pc through 2023, 11pc in 2022 and zero in 2015. The firm warned that SP10 levels are expected to remain elevated until new mining projects are delivered, which is subject to approvals and heritage clearance. The proportion of the high-grade Pilbara Blend fell to 58pc for January-June from 61pc through 2023, 64pc in 2022 and 73pc in 2015. Rio Tinto is developing higher grade deposits, such as its 40mn t/yr Rhodes Ridge project, to try to reverse the grade decline in WA. The firm maintained its 2024 cash cost guidance for WA iron ore at $21.75-23.50, while warning this would be the top end of this for January-June because of the lower volumes sold. It achieved an average price of $97.30/wet metric tonne (wmt) fob WA in January-July, down from $98.60/wmt in the same period last year. The equivalent price for January-June 2024 at an 8pc moisture assumption is $105.80/dry metric tonne (dmt) fob WA. The Argus ICX price for 62pc Fe fines averaged $117.33/dmt cfr Qingdao in January-June, down from $118/dmt in the same period last year. The Iron Ore Company of Canada (IOC) — in which Rio Tinto owns 59pc — sold 8.65mn t in January-June, up 7pc on the same period last year. It is expected to raise production during July-December with better seasonal conditions to produce as much as 19.5mn t in 2024. By Jo Clarke Rio Tinto iron ore shipments (mn t) Apr-Jun '24 Jan-Mar '24 Apr-Jun '23 Jan-Jun '24 Jan-Jun '23 Pilbara Blend Lump 15.83 15.63 17.76 31.47 36.49 Pilbara Blend Fines 31.34 28.48 33.67 59.81 69.02 Robe Valley Lump 2.52 2.31 2.17 4.83 4.16 Robe Valley Fines 5.84 5.55 4.70 11.39 8.96 Yandicoogina Fines (HIY) 11.36 12.23 12.56 23.59 26.25 SP10 Lump 5.14 4.61 1.65 9.75 3.34 SP10 Fines 8.28 9.22 6.61 17.50 13.45 Total WA iron ore shipments 80.31 78.03 79.12 158.34 161.66 IOC iron ore shipments 4.13 4.52 4.43 8.65 8.05 Source: Rio Tinto Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Cliffs to buy Canadian steelmaker Stelco


15/07/24
15/07/24

Cliffs to buy Canadian steelmaker Stelco

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