Privados pierden terreno en el mercado mexicano de GLP

  • Spanish Market: LPG
  • 01/04/24

Las empresas del sector privado perdieron terreno en el mercado mexicano de Gas LP en 2023, luego del aumento de la producción de Pemex, algunos signos de reducción en el robo y políticas nacionalistas que favorecen a la empresa estatal.

Pemex cerró 2023 con una participación de mercado de 62.1pc en ventas de GLP en México, según los resultados financieros de la empresa publicados el 27 de febrero, frente a 61.2pc en 2022 y una cuota de 49.7pc registrada en 2020, que fue la más baja de su historia. Las empresas del sector privado han gestionado la distribución minorista de GLP en México por mucho tiempo, pero comenzaron a importar GLP después de la reforma energética de 2014.

Este aumento también se vio respaldado por la firme demanda de GLP en México. Las importaciones totales de GLP de México más la producción nacional, un aproximado de la demanda, se situaron en 292,400 b/d el año pasado, 4pc más que en 2022.

Más de 75pc de los hogares de México utilizan GLP para necesidades de cocina y calefacción, según datos del instituto nacional de estadística y geografía (Inegi).

Las importaciones de GLP de Pemex se redujeron en 1pc a 76,100 b/d en 2023, mientras que las importaciones de las empresas del sector privado también se redujeron en 1pc a 114,000 b/d, según la secretaría de energía (Sener).

Pero estas caídas se absorbieron con el aumento de la producción doméstica de Pemex. La producción de GLP de la empresa aumentó en 11pc a 102,300 b/d en 2023, como resultado de una mayor inversión en el mantenimiento de sus instalaciones de procesamiento de gas, de acuerdo con fuentes del mercado.

La tendencia al alza en la producción de GLP ha continuado este año. Pemex produjo 104,000 b/d de GLP en febrero, un aumento de 9pc frente a los 95,000 b/d de febrero de 2023, según los datos de la empresa publicados la semana pasada.

La administración del presidente Andrés Manuel López Obrador ha seguido una política nacionalista que apoya a Pemex a través de regulaciones restrictivas.

Aunque la reforma de 2014 sigue en vigor por ley, en la práctica la Sener y reguladores autónomos como la CRE se han alineado con las políticas energéticas nacionalistas de López Obrador, cancelando o no otorgando permisos a las empresas del sector privado en todos los niveles de la cadena de valor del combustible.

Sin embargo, las empresas del sector privado cuentan con más de 4,700 permisos para la distribución de GLP en el país, según la CRE.

Otro reto para las empresas del sector privado y Pemex ha sido el robo de GLP, que se realiza predominantemente perforando los gasoductos de la empresa estatal.

El problema se ha agravado a medida que las bandas criminales han pasado de la gasolina y el diésel al GLP debido a una estrategia gubernamental dirigida a salvaguardar los oleoductos de los gasolina y diésel. Sin embargo, Pemex informó que perdió 179,000 toneladas de GLP por robo en 2023, una reducción de 8pc de 194,500 toneladas en 2022, tras una solicitud de transparencia de datos de Argus.

Las tomas ilegales en sus ductos de GLP se redujeron en 2pc a 2,470, de acuerdo a los mismos datos.

Pero esto es inconsistente con datos anteriores de Pemex, que mostraban que la empresa había perdido 175,000 toneladas solo en enero-agosto de 2023, a menos que el robo se hubiera detenido en el último trimestre. Pemex no ha respondido a una solicitud de Argus para comentar sobre los datos.

Los precios minoristas del GLP en México aumentaron en febrero debido al aumento de precios del propano en EE.UU., aunque el gobierno sigue protegiendo a los clientes mediante precios máximos.

Pero los precios del 24 al 30 de marzo cayeron por cuarta semana consecutiva. El precio máximo promedio en 2,490 ciudades fue de Ps10,06/l ($1,89/USG) para esa semana, una disminución de 3pc con respecto a la semana anterior.

México introdujo controles de precios del GLP en 2021. Un tribunal dictó en agosto de 2023 que los límites de precios son constitucionales para las entregas en camiones a consumidores residenciales, pero no para las ventas desde otros sitios minoristas. Más de 60pc de la demanda de GLP de México proviene del sector residencial, según los datos de Argus.

Producción de GLP de Pemex

Importaciones de GLP en México

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17/05/24

Rio Grande do Sul remaneja fornecimento de gás

Rio Grande do Sul remaneja fornecimento de gás

Sao Paulo, 17 May (Argus) — O fornecimento de gás natural no Rio Grande do Sul teve que ser redistribuído em razão das enchentes históricas no estado, com o diesel potencialmente voltando como combustível a usinas de energia para deixar mais gás disponível para a produção de GLP (gás de cozinha). O gasoduto Gasbol, que abastece o Sul do Brasil, não tem capacidade para atender à demanda da refinaria Alberto Pasqualini (Refap), da usina termelétrica de Canoas — controlada pela Petrobras — e das distribuidoras de gás natural da região, disse Jean Paul Prates, o então presidente-executivo da Petrobras, no início desta semana. A distribuidora de gás de Santa Catarina ajustou sua própria rede local para atender aos picos de demanda no Rio Grande do Sul por meio da malha de transporte de gás. A usina térmica de Canoas está operando com geração mínima de 150 GW, sendo 61pc provenientes de sua turbina a gás. A usina foi colocada em operação para restabelecer o fornecimento adequado de energia depois que as linhas de transmissão no Sul foram afetadas pelas enchentes. A Petrobras planeja usar um motor a diesel para aumentar a geração de energia. O atual custo variável unitário (CVU) para o diesel na usina de Canoas é de R1.115,29/MWh. A companhia petrolífera também está operando a Refap a 59pc de sua capacidade instalada máxima. Fortes chuvas no Rio Grande do Sul desde 29 de abril trouxeram inundações sem precedentes ao estado, causando uma crise humanitária e danos à infraestrutura. O clima extremo deixou 154 mortos, 98 desaparecidos e mais de 540 mil deslocados, segundo a defesa civil do estado. Por Rebecca Gompertz Envie comentários e solicite mais informações em feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . Todos os direitos reservados.

LPG World editorial: Clean cooking’s watershed moment?


16/05/24
16/05/24

LPG World editorial: Clean cooking’s watershed moment?

African clean cooking schemes could prove to be an early energy transition success story now that world leaders view them as environmental imperatives London, 16 May (Argus) — The $2.2bn in funding pledged for clean cooking programmes in Africa over the next five years, announced at the IEA's Clean Cooking Summit in Paris on 14 May, could be a "turning point", according to the agency's executive director Fatih Birol. Not only would this be true in terms of tackling what is a long-neglected problem. It is also true for the LPG industry, which has been extolling the benefits of a transition to LPG in sub-Saharan Africa for many years. Other than the dozen or so individual financial commitments made by governments and organisations, what resonated most from the event was just how achievable transitioning sub-Saharan Africa to cleaner fuels such as LPG actually is. Often the immediate reaction is to balk at the challenges — the lack of infrastructure, the lack of regulatory frameworks, the corruption, the cost of the LPG and equipment. Yet this was when it was looked at purely through the prism of the market. Now it is an environmental and social imperative. Many of the political leaders from Europe, Africa and the US that spoke noted that greenhouse emissions from cooking were comparable to the airline and shipping sectors, yet tackling the former is far less complex, less expensive and receives scant recognition in comparison with the latter two. "We can fix it now… it is not high-tech, it is low-tech," Norway's prime minister Jonas Gahr Store told delegates. Another often ignored part of the issue is how disproportionately women are affected by cooking with harmful solid biomass fuels — perhaps an underlying factor behind the many years of neglect at a national and international level. This is a gender issue, both Birol and Tanzania's first female president, Samia Suluhu Hassan, noted. The obvious health and social benefits from the transition to clean cooking will be most keenly felt by women and their children, who are at home breathing in the smoke from open fires. Several of the speakers, including African Development Bank president Akinwumi Adesina and World Health Organisation director-general Tedros Ghebreyesus, even spoke of their own experience of growing up in a household with open fires, and the consequent unnecessary suffering their mothers in particular had to endure. LPG is not the only solution here — others mentioned included electric cookers, biogas, bioethanol and cleaner cooking stoves. And as a fossil fuel, it will ultimately be replaced at some stage by renewable alternatives. But it is the best solution right now for large parts of the region. "LPG is the most efficient in terms of its benefits and its ease of use," Togo's president Faure Gnassingbe said. LPG markets can develop in the region through subsidies and LPG price regulation to moderate volatility, while countries must also invest in domestic LPG production as well as import and distribution infrastructure, he said. Each country will be different, but it is "well within our reach", Gnassingbe added. From pledge to realisation The sub-Saharan African region and the LPG industry must now work with foreign governments, financial institutions and private-sector companies to ensure that the large sums pledged are invested in a pragmatic and fruitful way. The IEA will come back in a year's time to report on the progress of the various commitments made at the summit and will provide updates online in an effort to ensure progress and transparency, Birol said. There is reason for cautious hope. The feasibility of achieving the transition and the relatively low levels of foreign investment involved — and the huge opportunities for LPG companies that will emerge — could create the conditions for success of a kind that has so far eluded many other such ambitions. It would be a huge boon for the world to have one such success story to point to by 2030 in its long, hard struggle to transition to a cleaner energy future. Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Japan’s Mol orders dual-fuel LPG, ammonia VLGCs


16/05/24
16/05/24

Japan’s Mol orders dual-fuel LPG, ammonia VLGCs

Tokyo, 16 May (Argus) — Japanese shipping firm Mitsui OSK Lines (Mol) has ordered two dual-fuel very large gas carriers (VLGCs) to deliver LPG and ammonia, with commissioning expected in 2026. Mol has reached a deal with TotalEnergies' shipping arm CSSA Chartering and Shipping Services to charter two 88,000m³ VLGCs to deliver LPG and ammonia, although the specific time period is undisclosed. The vessel will be built by South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries, which has developed an engine that can use LPG and fuel oil. Japan's LPG consumption totalled 11.8mn t in the 2023-24 fiscal year ending 31 March, down by 3.2pc from a year earlier, according to the Japan LP Gas Association. Japan's trade and industry ministry expects the downwards trend will be driven further by technology innovation of high efficiency equipment. But its expects ammonia demand as a fuel to increase to 3mn t/yr by 2030 and to 30mn t/yr by 2050. Japan has set a goal of a 20pc ammonia co-firing at domestic coal-fired power plants by 2030 and above 50pc by 2050 to achieve the country's 2050 decarbonisation goal. By Reina Maeda Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Rains hamper LPG distribution in south Brazil


14/05/24
14/05/24

Rains hamper LPG distribution in south Brazil

Sao Paulo, 14 May (Argus) — Torrential rain and flooding in southern Brazil's Rio Grande do Sul state reduced LPG distribution by 7-10pc in the affected area during the first two weeks of May, according to local market participants. LPG distributor Copa Energia's operations at its Canoas city unit — responsible for 30pc of the state's supply — were expected to resume by mid-May. The heavy rains since late April left 100 people dead, a further 128 missing and around 164,000 displaced from their homes, according to the state's civil defence. LPG companies have been working to ensure supplies are maintained in the region, with some advancing salary benefits to support workers during the crisis, local participants say. Distribution began to normalise by 6 May after "the chaos and lack of information" over the 4-5 May weekend passed, an industry executive says. State-controlled Petrobras' 201,000 b/d Refap refinery was also affected, cutting LPG output, but the volume was not disclosed. Many LPG retailers are now able to receive supplies, but it is unknown how many distribution routes have been compromised, according to local industry. LPG stocks have been able to meet demand, preventing shortages, they say. Oil regulator ANP's measures to cut red tape and foster collaboration during a crisis has kept the market supplied, according to LPG association Sindigas chief executive Sergio Bandeira de Mello. Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Iraq’s BGC boosts LPG exports as BNGL start-up nears


14/05/24
14/05/24

Iraq’s BGC boosts LPG exports as BNGL start-up nears

The BNGL plant will help Iraq reduce its gas flaring and increase power generation capacity when it fully comes on line, writes Ieva Paldaviciute Dubai, 14 May (Argus) — Iraqi upstream joint venture Basrah Gas' (BGC) growing production and exports of LPG are helping to raise the country's overseas LPG shipments this year despite delays to the start-up of its Basrah Natural Gas Liquids (BNGL) plant. The BNGL project, launched in 2019, incorporates two 200mn ft³/d (2.1bn m³/yr) gas processing trains, the first of which was inaugurated in May last year. Each train will produce 700-900 t/d of LPG — BGC's LPG output has risen by about 400-500 t/d to 6,000 t/d this year. Yet the first train has yet to reach full processing capacity despite being scheduled to do so in late 2023. The company now expects both trains to be fully operational by the end of this year. BGC, a joint venture between Shell, state-owned South Gas and Japan's Mitsubishi, has 1bn ft³/d of gas processing capacity split between two of its NGL plants in Khor al-Zubair and North Rumaila. The 400mn ft³/d BNGL plant will increase capacity by 40pc and includes "best-in-class" cryogenic NGL trains, the firm says. These facilities process associated gas from oil production at the Rumaila, West Qurna 1 and Zubair fields. BNGL is also intended to help Iraq reduce its gas flaring and increase power generation capacity by around 1.5GW. BGC's LPG exports have nevertheless been climbing as it works to bring the BNGL plant on line. The company primarily supplies LPG to Iraq's domestic market, mostly for residential cooking, and exports the surplus. But smaller local suppliers are now cutting into BGC's domestic market share, freeing up more of its LPG for export. This includes Iraq's new 140,000 b/d Karbala refinery, which started operations earlier this year and is now selling around 700 t/d of LPG domestically. BGC typically exports split propane-butane cargoes through tenders to south Asian importers such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, as well as to east African countries such as Tanzania and Mauritius. These are shipped from the company's Umm Qasir terminal on the Mideast Gulf — which can store around 222,000t of LPG, Argus data show — historically on board small pressurised ships but as of this year on Handysize vessels as well, according to analytics firm Kpler. BGC shipped its first semi-refrigerated 100pc propane cargo on the Handysize Navigator Gemini on 2 May, which is due at China's Yizheng port around 27 May, Vortexa data show. The buyer has not been confirmed but the port is owned by Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical and is close to Sinopec's 280,000 b/d Yangzi refinery. Sinopec has recently been importing more LPG to cover losses during planned maintenance. BGC helped to turn Iraq from a net importer of LPG to a net exporter in 2016. Exports rose strongly to above 200,000t in 2018, before falling over the next three years, Kpler data show. They have increased significantly in 2024, nearly tripling on the year to 49,000 t/month in January-April and forecast to hit a monthly high of 86,000t this month. But the data may be partially skewed — local industry sources have suggested some Iranian LPG cargoes have been disguised as Iraqi exports through ship tracking to bypass sanctions on the former country's oil and gas sector. Flare cuts Iraq is becoming less dependent on BGC for LPG, but the country still relies heavily on its dry gas production for its growing power generation needs. The firm produces enough gas to generate around 3.5GW of the 20GW of power Iraq can generate daily, which is still short of the 35GW it needs at peak times. Iraq simultaneously flares more than half of its gross gas production of around 3bn ft³/d. But Iraq has the world's 12th largest proven natural gas reserves. Underinvestment, mismanagement and conflict have kept it dependent on Iranian gas importsand allowed flaring to continue. Baghdad intends to attract investors to ramp up gas output. The BGC project and a multi-billion dollar deal with TotalEnergies last year that includes a 600mn ft³/d processing plant signal it is moving in the right direction. Iraq seaborne LPG exports Iraq sea LPG exports by country 2023 Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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