Günstiger Frei-Haus Diesel wirft Fragen auf

  • Spanish Market: Oil products
  • 23/05/24

Im Osten und Süden Deutschlands bieten mehrere Unternehmen mindestens seit Ende 2023 Diesel zur Lieferung frei Haus teils mehrere Euro pro 100l unter den Preisen ab Lager oder Raffinerie an. Händler berichten von Umsatzeinbußen.

Marktteilnehmer in den entsprechenden Regionen im Osten und Nordbayern suchen nach einer Erklärung für diese großen Preisdifferenzen. Sie berichten von Diesellieferungen frei Haus, deren Preis 4,00 €/100l bis 6,00 €/100l unter den Inlandspreisnotierungen und damit weit unter ihren Einkaufspreisen liegt. Entsprechend könnten sie preislich nicht mithalten. Händler und Großhändler haben deswegen Kunden in geschäftsrelevanten Größenordnungen verloren. Inverkehrbringer von Diesel schätzen, dass täglich etwa zwischen 600 und 1000 m³ von den Niedrigpreisanbietern umgesetzt werden. Weiter geben Marktteilnehmer an, es seien diverse Zollämter auf diese Preisdiskrepanz aufmerksam gemacht und um Überprüfung gebeten worden, ein Ergebnis stehe jedoch noch aus. Die Generalzolldirektion teilte auf Anfrage von Argus mit, zu etwaigen laufenden Ermittlungen keine Auskunft geben zu können.

Die Firmen, die Diesel so günstig anbieten, sind erst seit kurzer Zeit aktiv beziehungsweise waren zuvor nicht im Mineralölmarkt tätig. Gegenüber Argus haben zwei der besagten Anbieter bestätigt, dass sie Diesel unter Inlandspreisniveau verkaufen, gaben jedoch keine Auskunft darüber, wer exakt die Ware nach Deutschland importiert und diese in Verkehr bringt, also für das Aufkommen von Energiesteuer, EBV-Beitrag, CO2-Abgabe und THG-Kosten verantwortlich ist. Es handele sich um ganz normale Trading-Geschäfte.

Eines der anbietenden Unternehmen teilte mit, dass Diesel mit einem Abschlag von 4,00 bis 5,00 €/100l auf Inlandspreisbasis verkauft würde. Hierbei handele es sich jedoch um große Mengen von mindestens zehn kompletten Tankzügen in der Woche. Bei kleineren Mengen wäre der Abschlag geringer. Die Ware würde im großen Umfang von mehreren Unternehmen in Rostock oder im Raum Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerpen zusammen zugekauft und dann an mehrere Lagerhäuser verteilt. Dabei hat die Firma auf Nachfrage nicht angegeben, ob es sich bei den Lagerhäusern um Tanklager handele. Lagerraum würde individuell verwendet werden. Die Auslieferung an den Kunden erfolge per eigenem Spediteur.

Ein anderer Anbieter ist nach eigener Aussage nur als Zwischenhändler tätig, und das seit etwa einem Jahr. Sein Vorlieferant kaufe Handelskontingente in Polen, Tschechien und auch Deutschland zu, um diese dann in Deutschland günstig auf den Markt bringen. Die Ware würde allen deutschen Vorgaben entsprechen.


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Nigeria tightens sulphur cap on oil product imports


19/06/24
19/06/24

Nigeria tightens sulphur cap on oil product imports

London, 19 June (Argus) — Nigeria has reduced the sulphur cap on refined oil product imports to 50ppm, according to market participants. The new cap — which took effect at the start of June, according to sources — marks a sharp reduction from a previous 200ppm limit set on 1 March . Sources suggest there was no widespread information campaign to make market participants aware of the specification change. The lower sulphur limit comes as Nigeria braces for the imminent ramp-up of 10ppm ultra-low sulphur diesel production at the country's 650,000 b/d Dangote refinery, followed by 10ppm gasoline production in mid-July. A lower sulphur content ceiling for imports will likely favour the sale of diesel, jet fuel and gasoline from the Dangote refinery to the local Nigerian market, which until March was able to import high-sulphur products upwards of 2,000ppm. Some 10ppm diesel has already been delivered to Nigeria since the start of June, as traders have struggled to source any available 50ppm diesel to import into the country under the new cap, one trader said. Despite the regulatory change, one local Nigerian marketer told Argus that a 30,000t cargo of 150ppm gasoline is discharging in the country on 19 June, raising questions around enforcement of the new cap. By George Maher-Bonnett Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

South Korea buys less UAE naphtha in May


19/06/24
19/06/24

South Korea buys less UAE naphtha in May

Singapore, 19 June (Argus) — South Korea's naphtha imports from the UAE fell to a two-year low in May, following reduced output by Abu Dhabi's state-owned Adnoc. South Korea imported 97,500 b/d from the UAE, a 23pc drop from the previous month and down by 24pc from a year earlier, according to GTT customs data. This was the lowest level since 83,800 b/d in May 2022. This was in sharp contrast to imports in this year's first quarter that averaged 205,000 b/d. South Korea imported 192,000 b/d of naphtha from the UAE in 2023. Adnoc was expected to reduce its naphtha production and exports following a change in its domestic crude slate. Adnoc had started to divert its medium sour crude grade Upper Zakum to its Ruwais refinery complex as part of the company's $3.5bn crude flexibility project, which is designed to free up more of the UAE's lighter, sweeter Murban grade for export. The switch in Ruwais' crude appetite reduces naphtha production, as the yield of naphtha from Upper Zakum crude is less than its Murban grade, said market participants. The actual loss of supplies cannot be confirmed but it is forecast to be around 900,000-1.2mn t/yr (22,000-29,000 b/d), said two petrochemical producers that are also buyers of naphtha from Adnoc. There is also a South Korean customs investigation under way to ensure cracker operators are not importing oil from sanctioned countries such as Russia. The investigation has reduced "but not stopped" imports of naphtha from commercial storage tanks in places like the UAE and Singapore, said a South Korean trader. Adnoc is the main supplier but there are other smaller UAE suppliers in Fujairah and Hamriyah. Some Korean cracker operators are avoiding commercial tank naphtha because of the customs investigations, another South Korean trader said. Qatar and Kuwait were the main beneficiaries with South Korea's shift from UAE naphtha. South Korea's imports in May from Qatar and Kuwait rose by 89pc and 45pc month-on-month respectively. Imports from Qatar were 128,500 b/d, while shipments from Kuwait totalled 105,000 b/d. South Korea had imported 50,000 b/d from Qatar and 54,000 b/d from Kuwait in this year's first quarter. By Aldric Chew Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Malaysia's Lotte Titan yet to produce on-spec aromatics


19/06/24
19/06/24

Malaysia's Lotte Titan yet to produce on-spec aromatics

Singapore, 19 June (Argus) — Malaysian petrochemical producer Lotte Titan has yet to produce on-specification aromatics after its aromatics unit in Pasir Gudang restarted on 10 June. The unit, which can produce up to 110,000 t/yr of benzene and 60,000 t/yr of toluene, continues to face technical issues after experiencing delays to its restart date earlier this month, with flaring being observed at the Pasir Gudang complex. The company now aims to produce on-specification aromatics products by the end of the week. The associated No.2 naphtha cracker, which also restarted on 10 June, is producing on-specification olefins, although production rates remain unstable. The No.2 cracker has a nameplate capacity of 430,000 t/yr of ethylene and 220,000 t/yr of propylene. By Joonlei Lee Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Phillips 66 targets high Rodeo runs


18/06/24
18/06/24

Phillips 66 targets high Rodeo runs

Houston, 18 June (Argus) — Low-carbon feedstock and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) opportunities will support strong run rates from Phillips 66's converted renewables plant in Rodeo, California, this year, chief executive Mark Lashier said today. The outlook heralded a high output from the converted Rodeo refinery ramping up toward 50,000 b/d of renewable diesel capacity by the end of this month, despite historic lows in state and federal incentives for the fuel. "Where we are today, economically, yes, the credits are kind of compressed, but feedstocks are lower than we anticipated as well," Lashier told the JP Morgan Energy, Power & Renewables conference. "We still see good economic incentives to run and run full." The US independent refiner had started up pre-treatment units at the plant to begin processing lower-carbon feedstocks for renewable diesel in July and August, he said, consistent with previous guidance. "That's how you really make money in these assets — you get the lowest-carbon intensity feedstocks at the best value and process them through the hydrocrackers," Lashier said. " The facility would also bring online 10,000 b/d of renewable jet fuel blendstock production supporting 20,000 b/d of blended sustainable aviation fuel, a product Phillips 66 had not targeted in the initial concept for the site, he said. Both state and federal incentives to supply renewable diesel along the west coast have fallen as the fuel inundates those markets. Renewable diesel alone made up roughly 57pc of California's liquid diesel pool and generated 40pc of the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) credits in the state's market-based transportation fuel carbon reduction program by the end of last year. The supply of lower-carbon fuels, led by renewable diesel, to the west coast LCFS markets have outstripped demand for deficit-generating petroleum fuels and led to growing reserves of available credits for compliance. California amassed more than 23mn metric tonnes of credits by the end of last year — more than enough left over after satisfying all of the new deficits generated last year to offset them a second time. The volume of unused credits has sent their price tumbling to nine-year lows. Oregon and Washington credits, which are needed for similar but distinct programs in those states, have similarly dropped as renewable diesel supplies spread out along the west coast. Gasoline consumption generates almost all new deficits in California. Year-over-year demand for the fuel nationwide has fallen below expectations this spring, Lashier said. "We are not really seeing things pick up like a lot of us expected to," he said. Lower-income customers struggling with higher costs on everything they buy may have forgone vacations, he said. The drop in broader buying power meanwhile had rippled through diesel consumption, he said. "As we move towards more expensive energy sources, that's the part of the economy that gets squeezed as well," Lashier said. "Hopefully we move through that and reverse and that part of the economy can pick up as well as the higher end of the economy." By Elliott Blackburn Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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