Shell venture eyes creating hydrogen supply and demand

  • : Biofuels, Hydrogen
  • 21/10/11

Shell wants to break what it calls the "chicken and egg problem" in European hydrogen through a partnership that it hopes will create demand and supply at the same time.

The venture sees Shell team up with specialty-vehicle manufacturer Paul Nutzfahrzeuge and German downstream firm MaierKorduletsch. The former will build hydrogen-powered medium sized fuel-cell trucks, and the latter will build and operate filling stations for them. Shell will provide the hydrogen.

Paul Nutzfahrzeuge plans to begin mass production of its truck by 2023, and Shell said it could have up to 50 hydrogen filling stations by 2025, with the participation of other partners and public funding. The project is subject to a final investment decision, Shell said.

In a similar initiative, Shell New Energies in the Netherlands recently said it would from 2024 start operating a hydrogen filling-station network for Daimler heavy trucks between its planned green-hydrogen production sites in Rotterdam, Cologne and Hamburg. Daimler Truck plans to hand over the first heavy hydrogen trucks to customers from 2025. The partners' plan provides for the continuous expansion of the hydrogen infrastructure in this corridor so that 150 hydrogen filling stations and around 5,000 heavy fuel-cell trucks of the Mercedes-Benz brand can go into operation from 2030.

Shell has begun operations in July at the 10MW Refhyne 1 electrolyser at its Reinland Energy and Chemicals Park, Cologne, and expects to make a decision later this year on adding the 100MW Refhyne 2 to the site. It plans to build a 200MW electrolyser in the Port of Rotterdam, which it intends to start by 2023 when it will produce around 50,000–60,000 kg/d of hydrogen. And Shell will build an electrolysis plant with a capacity of 100MW at its recently closed Moorburg coal-fired plant in Hamburg, Germany, with Swedish utility Vattenfall and Japanese engineering firm Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.


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24/04/18

Amapá cancela regime especial de ICMS

Amapá cancela regime especial de ICMS

Rio de Janeiro, 18 April (Argus) — O Secretário da Fazenda (Sefaz) do Amapá (AP) cancelou ontem o regime especial de tributação de empresas importadoras de combustíveis, colocando um fim a uma situação que gerava distorções de preços no mercado de diesel . A decisão do órgão foi publicada no diário oficial desta quarta-feira, dia 17, e contempla os regimes especiais do tributo estadual ICMS de oito empresas, entre elas a Refinaria de Manguinhos, que pertence ao grupo Fit, Amapetro, Axa Oil, Alba Trading e Father Trading. No caso da Amapetro, a empresa pagava uma alíquota efetiva de 4pc do valor da importação nas compras de outros países para uso próprio para consumo dentro do estado. Considerando a média do indicador Argus de importação de diesel de origem russa ao longo de março, isso equivaleria a R$136,9/m³.O valor atual do ICMS nos outros estados brasileiros é de R$1.063/m³ desde 1 de fevereiro. O estado teria importado 197.244m³ de diesel em março, de acordo com informações do Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria, Comércio e Serviços (MDIC). Isso equivale a 15,9pc do total de diesel importado pelo Brasil no mês. O consumo de diesel A do estado foi de 6.250m³ no mês passado, equivalente a 0,1pc do consumo nacional, de acordo com os dados da Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis (ANP). As autorizações do estado criavam distorções de preços no mercado e perdas de arrecadação fiscal em várias estados onde o produto acabava sendo consumido. Associações de produtores e distribuidores de diesel vinham pressionando o poder público nos últimos meses para derrubar esses regimes especiais. De acordo com o Instituto Combustível Legal, a medida causou um prejuízo de R$1 bilhão aos estados onde o combustível importado no âmbito do regime especial era efetivamente consumido, citando os estados de São Paulo, Paraná e Pernambuco como principais destinos. No início do mês, a Refina Brasil, que reúne as refinarias de petróleo independentes do país, estimou que o contribuinte amapaense pagava um valor próximo a R$0,83/l em subsídios para importadores. Por Amance Boutin Envie comentários e solicite mais informações em feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . Todos os direitos reservados.

Conab: Safra de cana-de-açúcar bate recorde


24/04/18
24/04/18

Conab: Safra de cana-de-açúcar bate recorde

Sao Paulo, 18 April (Argus) — A moagem de cana-de-açúcar da safra 2023-24 foi a maior da história do país, em meio a condições climáticas favoráveis e investimentos no setor, de acordo com dados da Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Conab). O processamento total de matéria-prima da safra de 2023-24, entre abril de 2023 e o mesmo mês deste ano, totalizou 713,2 milhões de t, alta de 16pc em comparação a 610,8 milhões de t na temporada anterior. As áreas destinadas à atividade canavieira aumentaram 0,5pc, para 8,3 milhões de hectares (ha). A maior disponibilidade de matéria-prima estendeu as operações de moagem – que normalmente param em novembro – até dezembro em importantes estados produtores, como São Paulo. Produção de etanol Tanto a produção de etanol quanto a de açúcar cresceram, segundo a Conab. A produção total de etanol do Brasil – excluindo o biocombustível à base de milho – atingiu 29,6 milhões de m³, salto de 11pc na base anual. O etanol hidratado representou a maior parte do crescimento do processamento este ano, totalizando 17,6 milhões de m³, aumento de 16pc em relação ao ciclo anterior. A paridade favorável para o E100 frente à gasolina na bomba nos principais estados consumidores impulsionou a demanda pelo biocombustível na temporada. Já a produção de etanol anidro subiu 6,5pc, para 12 milhões de m³. O processamento de etanol à base de milho avançou 33pc, registrando 5,9 milhões de m³, com crescentes investimentos no setor tanto no Centro-Sul quanto em outras regiões. O anidro de milho subiu 45pc, para 2,2 milhões de m³. Para o hidratado, o resultado foi de 3,6 milhões de m³, alta anual de 26pc. O Brasil exportou 2,5 milhões de m³ de etanol na temporada de 2023-24, queda de 2,9pc em comparação à safra passada. Os Estados Unidos foram os maiores compradores do biocombustível, com 33pc dos embarques. Em seguida, a Coreia do Sul e o hub Amsterdã-Roterdã-Antuérpia (ARA) responderam por 17pc e 12pc, respectivamente. Já as importações de etanol caíram 43pc em comparação ao ano anterior, somando 215.000m³. Quase todo o produto chegou dos EUA e do Paraguai, que representaram 55,5pc e 44,3pc do volume total. Enquanto isso, a produção de açúcar aumentou 24pc, para 45,6 milhões de t, com usinas direcionando mais matéria-prima para o adoçante em meio a preços atrativos para a commodity no mercado internacional. O Brasil exportou 35,2 milhões de t de açúcar de abril a março, alta de 26pc no ano, em um cenário em que grandes exportadores, como Índia e Paquistão, diminuíram as entregas. China, Índia e Indonésia foram os maiores importadores do produto brasileiro. Por Laura Guedes Envie comentários e solicite mais informações em feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . Todos os direitos reservados.

TUI Cruises receives methanol-ready ship


24/04/18
24/04/18

TUI Cruises receives methanol-ready ship

New York, 18 April (Argus) — Cruise ship company TUI Cruises took delivery of a methanol-ready cruise ship which will start operations at the end of June. Methanol-ready vessels allow ship owners to easily retrofit their vessels to burning methanol in the future. The 7,900t deadweight Mein Schiff 7 will operate in the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, along the European Atlantic coast and in the Mediterranean and run on marine gasoil (MGO). It was built by Finland's Meyer Turku shipyard. In January, TUI Cruises signed a memorandum of understanding with trading company Mabanaft for future supply of green methanol. Mabanaft would cover TUI's methanol needs in northern Germany, and gradually add other European locations. Grey methanol was pegged at $717/t MGO equivalent and biomethanol at $2,279/t MGOe average from 1-18 April in Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp. About 0.9 times and 2.9 times, respectively, the price of MGO, Argus assessments showed. TUI Cruises is a joint venture between the German tourism company TUI AG and US-based cruise ship company Royal Caribbean. By Stefka Wechsler Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Canada furthers investment in GHG reductions


24/04/18
24/04/18

Canada furthers investment in GHG reductions

Houston, 18 April (Argus) — The Canadian government plans to have C$93bn ($67.5bn) in federal incentives up and running by the end of the year to spur developments in clean energy technology, hydrogen production, carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS) along with a new tax credit for electric vehicle (EV) supply chains. The Canada Department of Finance, in its 2024 budget released on 16 April, said it expects to have the first planned investment tax credits (ITCs), for CCUS and renewable energy investments, in law before 1 June. The ITCs would be available for investments made generally within or before 2023 depending on the credit. The anticipated clean hydrogen ITC is also moving forward. It could provide 15-40pc of related eligible costs, with projects that produce the cleanest hydrogen set to receive the higher levels of support, along with other credits for equipment purchases and power-purchase agreements. The government is pursuing a new ITC for EV supply chains, meant to bolster in-country manufacturing and consumer adoption of EVs with a 10pc return on the cost of buildings used in vehicle assembly, battery production and related materials. The credit would build on the clean technology manufacturing ITC, which allows businesses to claim 30pc of the cost of new machinery and equipment. To bolster reductions in transportation-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the government will also direct up to C$500mn ($363mn) in funding from the country's low-carbon fuel standard to support domestic biofuel production . Transportation is the second largest source of GHG emissions for the country, at 28pc, or 188mn metric tonnes of CO2 equivalent, in 2021. But the province of Alberta expressed disappointment at the pace of development of ITC support that could help companies affected by the country's move away from fossil fuels. "There was nothing around ammonia or hydrogen, and no updates on the CCUS ITCs that would actually spur on investment," Alberta finance minister Nate Horner said. The incentives are intended to help Canada achieve a 40-45pc reduction in GHG emissions by 2030, relative to 2005 levels. This would require a reduction in GHG emissions to about 439mn t/yr, while Canada's emissions totaled 670mn in 2021, according to the government's most recent inventory. The budget also details additional plans for the Canada Growth Fund's carbon contracts for a difference, which help decarbonize hard-to-abate industries. The government plans to add off-the-shelf contracts to its current offering of bespoke one-off contracts tailored to a specific enterprise to broaden the reach and GHG reductions of the program. These contracts incentivize businesses to invest in emissions reducing program or technology, such as CCUS, through the government providing a financial backstop to a project developer. The government and developer establish a "strike price" that carbon allowances would need to reach for a return on the investment, with the government paying the difference if the market price fails to increase. CGF signed its first contract under this program last year , with Calgary-based carbon capture and sequestration company Entropy and has around $6bn remaining to issue agreements. To stretch this funding further, the Canadian government intends for Environment and Climate Change Canada to work with provincial and territorial carbon markets to improve performance and potentially send stronger price signals to spur decarbonization. By Denise Cathey Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Korea’s Hyundai starts operations at biodiesel plant


24/04/18
24/04/18

Korea’s Hyundai starts operations at biodiesel plant

Singapore, 18 April (Argus) — South Korean refiner Hyundai Oilbank has started commercial operations at its 130,000 t/yr biodiesel plant at Daesan as of 17 April, according to a source from the company. The plant is currently being fed with palm oil fatty acid distillates (Pfad). Most of the produced biodiesel will likely be kept to meet domestic demand, said other South Korea-based market sources. Hyundai had been trialing feedstocks at the plant since last December, which include Pfad, used cooking oil (UCO) and soybean oil. It previously entered an agreement with food manufacturer Lotte Confectionery in 2022, which involved Lotte supplying UCO as feedstock to the plant. The refiner said earlier this year that it is also considering co-processing biofuels at its 520,000 b/d Daesan refinery. It has plans for another 500,000 t/yr plant that can produce renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel and bio-naphtha, initially scheduled to come on line in the middle of the decade. But a final investment decision has yet to be reached for this plant. By Sarah Giam Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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