Canada delays completion of clean fuel standard

  • : Biofuels, Emissions, Oil products
  • 21/11/10

Canada will not finalize its national low-carbon fuel standard before next spring, missing a December target, the country's environmental agency said today.

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) still expects trading and enforcement of the federal Clean Fuel Standard (CFS) to begin as planned in early 2023, the agency said in a call in which it also presented proposed changes to credit generation under the program. The country's Renewable Fuel Regulation, a set of renewable mandates, would also end as planned at the end of 2022.

But this year's snap election and subsequent cabinet change required a delay that will shorten the amount of time for participants to generate compliance credits ahead of the 2023 start, the agency said.

The shortened time between when the program is finalized and when enforcement begins could be significant for "individual companies" but would not meaningfully change the program overall, ECCC executive director Paola Mellow said.

"When you do the math, it comes out a bit in a wash," Mellow said. "It is not a significant change in stringency at the national, global level."

Canada's CFS would become the second largest low-carbon fuel standard in North America, following California. Such programs set a declining ceiling for the carbon intensity of transportation fuels distributed in their markets. Canada's draft CFS would by 2030 reduce the carbon intensity of its transportation fuels by 13pc relative to 2016 levels.

Conventional, higher-carbon fuels incur deficits that obligated parties must offset with credits generated from the supply of lower-carbon fuels to their markets.

Limiting generation

ECCC today also proposed limiting those credits to sources more directly tied to Canada's fuel supply and not required by other legislation. That proposal would narrow eligible carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) projects to only those associated with fossil fuel production and in excess of other requirements.

Renewable fuel projects with CCUS components, including foreign projects, would instead gain benefits through an associated reduction in the carbon intensity of their products. Biofuel groups in particular worried that ECCC's original draft language would allow too much credit generation from sources unrelated to liquid transportation fuels.

British Columbia's LCFS program would continue to generate credits in addition to the national program under the new definition.

Canada plans to publish its lifecycle analysis methodology this fall, with training on the system available early next year. The system will determine how many credits and deficits each fuel will generate under the Canadian system. Each LCFS program so far has used its own, non-fungible system.

ECCC will separately develop a system to account for renewable natural gas used to produce low-carbon intensity hydrogen for use at fossil fuel facilities in summer 2022.

The agency restarted its stakeholder outreach for the CFS this month. Discussions with provinces resumed this week, with plans for additional stakeholder meetings in December, February and March.

Regulators originally planned to finalize the rule by the end of this year, with trading of credits to satisfy the new requirements beginning in 2023. The government said it does not expect deficit generation to outpace credits before 2027.

"I understand this is significant," Mellow said of the delays. "This is simply the best we could do."


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24/06/18

Mexico GHG program still in limbo: MexiCO2

Mexico GHG program still in limbo: MexiCO2

Houston, 18 June (Argus) — Despite Mexico's election of a new president with a background in climate science, it is not clear if the new leadership will revive a stalled national emission trading system (ETS), according to one of the country's top carbon market advocates. President-elect Claudia Sheinbaum, the candidate for the ruling Morena party, won the 2 June election to succeed President Andrés Manuel López Obrador. But it is unclear, ahead of her inauguration on 1 October where Sheinbaum will land on wrangling the emissions program and the country's climate commitments and goals, says Eduardo Piquero, chief executive of MexiCO2, a carbon market advocate and a subsidiary of Mexico's stock exchange. "The only hint we've had so far is during some presidential debates, she mentioned she was very keen on climate change and was going to act on Mexico's commitment," Piquero said. Mexico launched a pilot ETS in 2020, with plans to launch a formal national program in 2022. The pilot-phase covered facilities in the energy and industrial sectors that emitted more than 100,000 metric tonnes of CO2 per year, which received allowances at no cost. More than two years after the expected launch of a national market, a formal rollout remains in limbo, primarily because of a lack of action by the government under López Obrador, who Piquero credits with dismantling much of the program along with Mexican environment ministry Semarnat, which oversaw the program. Putting the program and Semarnat back together could take between 2-3 years, Piquero says. Sheinbaum, the former mayor of Mexico City and a climate scientist, has not yet said what her plans are, if any, for a federal emissions trading scheme. A federal ETS will also require new legislation, given the pilot expired after 36 months, and regulators will need to convince major covered participants such as state-owned oil and gas company Pemex and power producer CFE to take part in the official program. The government will also need to reconcile how the ETS will work with the country's state and local programs, such as state carbon taxes in Durango, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosi, Querétaro, Zacatecas, Tamaulipas, and Estado de México, along with others in-development. Currently, Mexico has a goal of a 35pc reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030 from a 2000 baseline. Despite a lack of policy specifics, Sheinbaum pledged to deliver on commitments of her predecessor for items like infrastructure development in southeast Mexico for new natural gas and gas-fired power generation — moves that may not support resumption of the ETS and limiting the nation's emissions. "The only way Mexico can measure and control its emissions is through an ETS," Piquero said. Sheinbaum is set to announce government appointments this week, which would include her choice to head Semarnat, a choice that will color discussions on the future for the ETS program. Piquero expects the job will go to one of two candidates: Marina Robles García, secretary of the environment of Mexico City, or Jose Luis Samaniego, a division chief with the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. By Denise Cathey Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Phillips 66 targets high Rodeo runs


24/06/18
24/06/18

Phillips 66 targets high Rodeo runs

Houston, 18 June (Argus) — Low-carbon feedstock and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) opportunities will support strong run rates from Phillips 66's converted renewables plant in Rodeo, California, this year, chief executive Mark Lashier said today. The outlook heralded a high output from the converted Rodeo refinery ramping up toward 50,000 b/d of renewable diesel capacity by the end of this month, despite historic lows in state and federal incentives for the fuel. "Where we are today, economically, yes, the credits are kind of compressed, but feedstocks are lower than we anticipated as well," Lashier told the JP Morgan Energy, Power & Renewables conference. "We still see good economic incentives to run and run full." The US independent refiner had started up pre-treatment units at the plant to begin processing lower-carbon feedstocks for renewable diesel in July and August, he said, consistent with previous guidance. "That's how you really make money in these assets — you get the lowest-carbon intensity feedstocks at the best value and process them through the hydrocrackers," Lashier said. " The facility would also bring online 10,000 b/d of renewable jet fuel blendstock production supporting 20,000 b/d of blended sustainable aviation fuel, a product Phillips 66 had not targeted in the initial concept for the site, he said. Both state and federal incentives to supply renewable diesel along the west coast have fallen as the fuel inundates those markets. Renewable diesel alone made up roughly 57pc of California's liquid diesel pool and generated 40pc of the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) credits in the state's market-based transportation fuel carbon reduction program by the end of last year. The supply of lower-carbon fuels, led by renewable diesel, to the west coast LCFS markets have outstripped demand for deficit-generating petroleum fuels and led to growing reserves of available credits for compliance. California amassed more than 23mn metric tonnes of credits by the end of last year — more than enough left over after satisfying all of the new deficits generated last year to offset them a second time. The volume of unused credits has sent their price tumbling to nine-year lows. Oregon and Washington credits, which are needed for similar but distinct programs in those states, have similarly dropped as renewable diesel supplies spread out along the west coast. Gasoline consumption generates almost all new deficits in California. Year-over-year demand for the fuel nationwide has fallen below expectations this spring, Lashier said. "We are not really seeing things pick up like a lot of us expected to," he said. Lower-income customers struggling with higher costs on everything they buy may have forgone vacations, he said. The drop in broader buying power meanwhile had rippled through diesel consumption, he said. "As we move towards more expensive energy sources, that's the part of the economy that gets squeezed as well," Lashier said. "Hopefully we move through that and reverse and that part of the economy can pick up as well as the higher end of the economy." By Elliott Blackburn Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Amtrak used 1.2mn USG renewable diesel in 2023


24/06/18
24/06/18

Amtrak used 1.2mn USG renewable diesel in 2023

New York, 18 June (Argus) — US passenger rail service Amtrak used 1.2mn USG of renewable diesel in fiscal year 2023, up from zero the prior year, as the company balances near-term climate targets with goals to increase ridership. Amtrak started using renewable diesel on its Capitol Corridor, San Joaquin, and Pacific Surfliner intercity passenger lines in California during the fiscal year that ended September 2023. Renewable diesel accounted for about 2pc of the company's diesel use over that period, according to a sustainability report Amtrak released this week. The rail service's petroleum diesel use rose by about 6pc year-over-year, reflecting increases in ridership as travel recovers from the coronavirus pandemic. Scope 1 emissions, which come from Amtrak's direct operations and which mostly include burning diesel fuel, were up by more than 3pc from fiscal year 2022. While Amtrak's highly traveled Northeast Corridor is electrified, most of its lines rely on diesel-fueled locomotives. The company plans to replace diesel-powered engines over the long term but says it expects to use renewable diesel as a stopgap solution in the short term and is aiming for the biofuel to become its "main fuel source" for its diesel-powered engines. While the 2022 sustainability report made passing reference to biodiesel — a separate biofuel that can be blended at smaller volumes with petroleum diesel than renewable diesel — the 2023 report only mentions efforts to scale up use of renewable diesel. Amtrak has a goal of curbing greenhouse gas emissions by 40pc from a 2010 baseline by 2030 and achieving net-zero emissions by 2045. Most renewable diesel in the US is consumed in California, which has a low-carbon fuel standard that incentivizes the use of lower-carbon fuels. By Cole Martin Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

US asphalt imports to Brazil reach 5-year high


24/06/18
24/06/18

US asphalt imports to Brazil reach 5-year high

Sao Paulo, 18 June (Argus) — Brazilian asphalt imports from the US reached their highest level in the past decade in May after drier weather and competitive prices boosted demand. The US was the largest source of Brazilian asphalt imports in May, contributing to nearly 12,000 metric tonnes (t) or 61pc of all imports, according to Siscomex import and export data. The last time Brazil imported so much from the US was in January 2023, when 10,800t arrived at Brazilian ports. In April, the US Gulf's premium over Mediterranean asphalt reached its narrowest point in 2024 at about $7/st, which can explain why imports rose in May. Precipitation levels were also 60pc lower in some regions of the country during April and May, according to Brazil's National Meteorology Institute, which boosted paving projects. Total asphalt imports in Brazil increased by almost 10 times in May compared with April. Asphalt imports totaled 19,50052 t in May, which is 28pc higher compared with May 2023. Imports from January to May were almost 80,000t, 46pc more than the same period in 2023. This is because of municipal elections in October, which results in more road projects to appeal to voters. Russia was the source for around 5,30250t of asphalt imports in May. Most Russian imports tend to be polymer modified asphalt (PMA), a dry bulk product that costs on average 15pc more than liquid asphalt because of the energy costs required to reheat it to a liquid state. Although it costs more, solid asphalt is used as an alternative in markets without the infrastructure to receive and store liquid asphalt, such as in southern Brazil. By Julio Viana Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Нефтетранспорт - НАП: спрос на автоперевозки битума растет


24/06/18
24/06/18

Нефтетранспорт - НАП: спрос на автоперевозки битума растет

Moscow, 18 June (Argus) — Отгрузки битумных вяжущих, по прогнозу Национальной ассоциации перевозчиков (НАП), в текущем году останутся примерно на уровне 2023 г. Но в целом наблюдается рост транспортировки битумных материалов автомобильным транспортом при снижении отгрузки железнодорожным транспортом. Об изменениях в этом сегменте транспортировки, о проблемах, с которыми сталкиваются перевозчики, и об удорожании поставок рассказал Argus президент НАП Андрей Белов. — Как изменилась логистика грузовых автоперевозок российских темных нефтепродуктов, в частности битума, за последние несколько лет? — Тенденции, которые наблюдались в 2022 г., продолжились и в прошлом, и в этом году. Одной из них является крайне незначительное поступление техники и запчастей европейских производителей, теперь основные поставки грузовиков и комплектующих в Россию осуществляются из Китая. Другой особенностью является увеличение среднего плеча доставки битума и полимерно-битумных вяжущих (ПБВ). Если в 2022 г. среднее расстояние транспортировки продукта по России составляло 225 км в одну сторону, то в 2023 г. это значение увеличилось до 420 км. В качестве еще одной тенденции нужно выделить рост поставок битума и его модификаций автотранспортом и неуклонное снижение объемов железнодорожных отгрузок. С одной стороны, это связано с дефицитом вагонов для перевозки нефтяных грузов, а с другой — с развитием нефтебаз и битумных терминалов: объем может быть поставлен сначала на нефтебазу или терминал, а затем уже конечному покупателю, и для таких перевозок гораздо удобнее задействовать автотранспорт. Кроме того, потребители чаще всего отдают предпочтение автоперевозкам, когда нужно получить продукт при определенной температуре, чтобы сразу задействовать его в производстве. — Каков прогноз автоперевозок битума на этот год? — Мы ожидаем, что объем перевозок битума и его модификаций автомобильным транспортом в этом году будет в диапазоне 7,6—8 млн т, как и в прошлом году. Стоит отметить, что соотношение поставок автомобильным и железнодорожным транспортом по итогам 2023 г. составило 91% к 9%, тогда как несколькими годами ранее пропорция была 85% к 15%. — Рынок автоперевозок уже несколько лет сталкивается с нехваткой водительского состава. Какие пути решения данной проблемы вы видите? — Все определяется общей демографической ситуацией в стране. В профессии водитель в России работают мужчины, средний возраст которых составляет 55 лет. Привлечь молодые кадры крайне сложно из-за того, что исторически сложилось, что в прошедший период 30—35 лет эта профессия не считалась престижной. От года к году проблема нехватки водителей усугубляется. В отдельных компаниях из-за дефицита водительского состава простаивает 10—15% парка. Пути решения проблемы крайне ограниченны, одним из способов является увеличение заработной платы. Ежемесячная ставка на сцепку для экипажа из двух водителей в зависимости от региона составляет от 200 000 до 300 000 руб. Зарплата делится пропорционально рабочему времени, как правило, 15 дней в месяце работает один водитель и столько же другой, либо рабочие дни распределяются в соотношении 20 к 10, а в следующем месяце водители экипажа меняются графиками. Проблема сегмента перевозки битума, относящегося к транспортировке опасных грузов, заключается еще и в том, что стаж вождения водителя грузового транспортного средства должен составлять не менее 1 года. Водитель должен также пройти дополнительное обучение, по итогам которого получить допуск к перевозке опасных грузов. В настоящее время многие компании стараются привлечь водителей из других сегментов перевозок за счет покрытия расходов на обучение. — Как сейчас обстоят дела с обновлением автопарка после ухода с рынка западных производителей? Что с запчастями? — В 2022 г. различные компании активно закупали у дилеров транспортные средства европейского производства за счет скопившихся запасов, а также начали тестировать технику из Китая. Обновление и расширение перевозчиками парков в 2023 г. продолжилось за счет китайских грузовиков: их опыт эксплуатации в России небольшой, мнения по поводу качества и то, как они ведут себя на дороге, совершенно разные. В настоящее время в парках транспортных компаний, которые входят в НАП, преобладают грузовики европейского производства возрастом до пяти-семи лет, доля которых составляет 90—95%. Касаемо рынка запчастей можно сказать следующее: компании-перевозчики получают детали по программе параллельного импорта, используют аналоговые запчасти, а также продлевают срок службы узлов и агрегатов, которые критически не влияют на безопасность грузоперевозки. — Как формируются тарифы для отгрузок грузов автотранспортом? Как они изменились по сравнению с прошлым годом? — Тарифы активно растут в последние несколько лет. Стоимость транспортировки в 2023 г. увеличилась на 10% относительно 2022 г. В этом году тарифы повышались уже несколько раз. Исходя из макроэкономической ситуации в стране мы ожидаем, что автоперевозки подорожают и в 2025 г. в среднем на 15%, а в 2026 г. — на 10%. — Какие точки роста грузовой базы вы видите в России и в странах ближнего зарубежья и Азии? — Перевозки объемов в страны ближнего зарубежья и Азии зависят от внутреннего потребления в России и носят выраженный сезонный характер: в зимний период поставки автотранспортом менее востребованы, а в летние месяцы на экспортных маршрутах всегда не хватает парка, в том числе из-за ожидания в прохождении пограничных переходов, а такими перевозками занимается ограниченный круг компаний. Пока мы видим, что производство битума в России остается примерно на том же уровне, что и в прошлом году, а выпуск ПБВ растет. Значительного увеличения внутрироссийских автоперевозок и отгрузок на экспорт мы не ожидаем. НАП Национальная ассоциация перевозчиков (НАП) начала свою деятельность с марта 2021 г. на базе Национальной ассоциации перевозчиков нефтепродуктов (НАП НП) и объединяет более 40 автотранспортных компаний, отгружающих темные и светлые нефтепродукты и другие грузы. По итогам прошлого года компании, входящие в НАП, перевезли около 4,5 млн т битума. Основными задачами НАП являются консолидация и помощь перевозчикам в организации рабочего процесса, сокращение расходов транспортных компаний и защита их интересов. Андрей Белов Родился в июле 1963 г. в Куйбышевской области. В период 1980—2000 гг. проходил службу в Вооруженных силах СССР и России. В 2000—2017 гг. работал в группе компаний Юникойл, специализирующейся на производстве, хранении и отгрузках нефтепродуктов, где прошел путь от специалиста до генерального директора одной из дочерних структур. С 2017 г. по февраль 2021 г. работал в НАП НП. С марта 2021 г. — президент НАП. Вы можете присылать комментарии по адресу или запросить дополнительную информацию feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Группа Argus Media . Все права защищены.

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