Unica descarta ameaça judicial ao Renovabio

  • : Biofuels, Emissions
  • 24/01/18

A Política Nacional de Biocombustíveis (Renovabio) está a caminho de solidificar ainda mais a presença dos renováveis na matriz energética brasileira, avalia o presidente da União da Indústria de Cana-de-Açúcar e Bioenergia (Unica), Evandro Gussi, apesar das distribuidoras que aderiram à judicialização para não cumprir as metas do programa.

Algumas das distribuidoras de combustíveis que não cumpriram a meta de compra de Cbios em 2022 levaram a tribunal reclamações sobre o programa de descarbonização, em uma pressão crescente por mudanças de regras do programa.

Há pelo menos 16 distribuidoras com liminares para não cumprir metas do Renovabio, apurou a Argus em outubro. Em boa parte dos casos, o pleito alega que o impacto da pegada de carbono da cadeia de combustíveis fósseis não deveria ser integralmente assumido pelo elo distribuidor. Uma vitória desses varejistas poderia colocar o Renovabio em xeque.

O presidente da Unica revelou que há estudos em curso que poderiam vincular o descumprimento das metas à hipótese de crime ambiental, já que o Renovabio é uma reposta ao Acordo de Paris.

"Eu e a Unica olhamos para essas distribuidoras com perplexidade e com uma pergunta: até quando eles acham que esse tipo de comportamento antiambiental vai perdurar?", Gussi respondeu a uma pergunta da Argus em um evento nesta semana.

Gussi apontou que há um interesse crescente no Renovabio no exterior, especialmente de países que buscam uma expansão da sua capacidade instalada de energias renováveis. O Renovabio é o maior programa de descarbonização da matriz de transporte do mundo, disse ele, citando o diretor executivo da Agência Internacional de Energia (IEA, na sigla em inglês), Fatih Birol.

Participantes da indústria na Índia, que planeja dobrar a mistura de etanol para 20pc até 2025, e do Japão, que tem metas para a produção de SAF, incluindo pela rota alcohol-to-jet, abordaram a associação recentemente sobre o Renovabio.

Um dos aspectos mais valiosos do programa é como ele mapeia a eficiência de cada usina — medida por sua pontuação de intensidade de carbono — para determinar a quantidade de produção de etanol que resultará na emissão de um Cbio, na visão da Unica.

Enquanto isso, Iniciativas semelhantes na UE e nos EUA utilizam benchmarks. "É por isso que o Brasil está sendo copiado hoje, servindo de inspiração", disse Gussi.

A gama de iniciativas de energia limpa ou eliminação progressiva de fontes fósseis – como o Combustível do Futuro e o programa Mover – está interligada ao Renovabio, o que torna as distribuidoras inadimplentes ainda mais fora de compasso com os tempos atuais, disse ele.

"Mas esse é comportamento fossilizado que não vai durar", disse Gussi. "E o Renovabio, como política, como racionalidade econômica ambiental, ele vai ficar."


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24/06/18

Japan’s Idemitsu, Air Water to supply B5 biodiesel

Japan’s Idemitsu, Air Water to supply B5 biodiesel

Tokyo, 18 June (Argus) — Japanese refiner Idemitsu and industrial gas supplier Air Water plan to supply B5 biodiesel to domestic construction company Kashima for use at its construction sites in Hokkaido prefecture, starting from mid-June. Kashima will use B5 biodiesel, typically a blend of 5pc biodiesel and conventional diesel, for its construction machinery and power generators, expecting to consume up to 1,600 kiloitres/yr. Kashima is unsure how much carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions it can curb by replacing diesel with biodiesel, although B5 biodiesel can usually reduce CO2 emissions by 5pc compared with conventional diesel. Idemitsu will produce diesel at its refinery in Hokkaido, while Air Water will manufacture the biodiesel with Idemitsu's diesel by using used cooking oil collected from kitchens at Seicomart convenience stores in Hokkaido. Idemitsu will then check the quality of the B5 biodiesel and sell it to Kashima. Idemitsu aims to expand its biodiesel supplies outside Hokkaido in the future, although it declined to disclose further details. Idemitsu is attempting to build supply chains of sustainable aviation fuels, biodiesel and biomass-based petrochemical goods by 2030 as part of its decarbonisation strategy. The company delivered biofuel made from blending fatty acid methyl ester and heavy fuel oil for trial use on a vessel in Hokkaido during February-March 2023. By Nanami Oki Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Brazil's B4 carbon market sells first offsets


24/06/14
24/06/14

Brazil's B4 carbon market sells first offsets

Sao Paulo, 14 June (Argus) — Brazil's fledgling B4 carbon market approved forest conservation organization SOS Vida Silvestre to issue the first offsets for trading on its platform. SOS Vida Silvestre focuses on preserving forest in the Atlantic Rainforest in Rio de Janeiro state and on reducing wildlife fatalities on highways. The organization issued 5mn t of CO2 equivalent (CO2e) of biodiversity offsets and will use the revenues from the sale to expand its conservation efforts. The offsets were trading at R53.97 ($10.02) each today. B4 is analyzing an additional 15.8mn t CO2e in offsets from other entities and has 73 companies that are in the process of listing offsets on the exchange. The exchange uses blockchain technology, which it argues can offer more accurate carbon offset traceability, increasing reliability of the market. Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Q&A: Phillips 66 to balance fossil and renewable fuels


24/06/14
24/06/14

Q&A: Phillips 66 to balance fossil and renewable fuels

Houston, 14 June (Argus) — With Phillips 66's Rodeo, California, refinery expected to ramp up to over 50,000 b/d of renewable fuels production by the end of this quarter, all eyes are on the refiner for what is next. Zhanna Golodryga , executive vice president of emerging energy and sustainability for Phillips 66, talked to Argus at the refiner's Houston headquarters about how the company looks at investments, its focus on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production and why Texas might be the Silicon Valley of the energy transition. The conversation has been edited for clarity and length. When Rodeo reaches full capacity, it will represent about 3pc of your overall output. What will your fleet look like longer-term and what will be the renewables/petroleum split? Not all the refineries in our portfolio are created equal, and when we look at them what I call them is "lower-carbon energy hubs". Not low, lower, because it's going to be a combination of everything. We're looking at the assets we have in the portfolio and what we can do to help bring in lower carbon solutions and what can we build out. Our focus is going to continue to be SAF. We understand the limitations of feedstocks and we have a very strong commercial organization that is now working on providing feedstocks just for Rodeo. But we're also thinking about what we can do to bring in different feedstocks. Energy transition opportunities aren't going to replace our traditional fossil fuel refining. It's an "and", not an "or". You've highlighted a future focus on SAF. Does that mean a move away from renewable diesel (RD)? I think we have flexibility to do both and it will be market driven going forward. We have to look at demand but there is demand for SAF globally, not just in the US. Demand for gasoline is not as strong as demand for diesel and sustainable aviation fuel. That is what our focus is and then we want to diversify the feedstock. What is your outlook for RD? I think RD is here for quite some time. It's hard to predict what's going to happen by 2050 but I think we will have the demand. It's going to take a long time to electrify all future transportation. I think we have a much better opportunity for now to focus on what we're really good at. That's fuels, renewable fuels. You have faced activist investor pressure calling for Phillips 66 to focus on its core refining business. How do investors feel about the Rodeo conversion and your future plans? We have taken a pragmatic approach to the energy transition. We have criteria that we follow prior to taking any projects over the line, specifically the energy transition type projects. They must meet five key prerequisites: the right returns, the right technology that has been proven at scale, the right regulatory environment, preferably involve a partnership and be done at the right time. We have to prove with Rodeo that this is, as I call it, our license to continue to grow the business. This is our license to operate additional energy transition business. This one is going to be done extremely well. What are the policy tailwinds and headwinds to your renewables investments? When we look at our opportunities in our energy transition portfolio, we are building our economic model for them to produce the right returns without any incentives. That is our starting point. On the other hand, the IRA [US Inflation Reduction Act] has been a bipartisan initiative and we think it's going to stand for the greater good of the planet. We have to think globally, as we have the Humber refinery in the UK. It's interesting for us to see what's possible in the US with the IRA incentives, versus more of a stick in Europe. But the challenge for us is permitting and timing. We probably could have brought Rodeo online sooner if we didn't have to wait for some permits. Our headquarters are in Texas and Texas is the "energy transition Silicon Valley". I'm repeating someone's words and those are the words of Bill Gates. But I believe that. We're perfectly positioned on the Gulf coast to go to the next phase and build something here. You've mentioned Phillips 66's 265,000 b/d Sweeny refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, as a low carbon energy hub. Does that mean it is a candidate for renewable fuel conversion or co-processing? It could be an option, maybe not at Sweeny, but in the Gulf coast, maybe Lake Charles. It's driven by our hardware, just like what we've done at Rodeo. By Nathan Risser Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Little progress on UN carbon markets at Bonn talks


24/06/14
24/06/14

Little progress on UN carbon markets at Bonn talks

Bonn, 14 June (Argus) — Negotiations in Bonn, Germany, on the future UN carbon markets closed yesterday evening with little progress, five months before the UN Cop 29 climate conference in Baku, Azerbaijan, in November. Negotiation texts on carbon market rules under both Article 6.2 and 6.4 of the Paris climate agreement, passed at the end of the Bonn UN climate talks, still included a range of options and a significant amount of bracketed text, which marks as yet undecided wording. Disagreement persists on issues touching on the registries for credits under both mechanisms, information disclosure requirements along the credit-generating process, and the timing and scope of credit authorisation, including the extent to which this authorisation might be revoked. One proposed option would allow host countries to transfer Article 6.4 emissions reductions credits that have been authorised, and therefore become so-called internationally transferred mitigation outcomes (Itmos), to the international or national registries for activities in the more informal market segment under Article 6.2. Some parties, including the US, were heard to oppose this option on grounds of "integrity", given that Article 6.2 is based on bilateral agreements between states and not strictly speaking a carbon crediting mechanism. Another option in the Article 6.2 negotiation text, upheld by several potential host countries, allows either participating party "to change and/or revoke the authorisation of Itmos at any time". One option also calls for bilateral agreements themselves to be subject to authorisation, not just the Itmos generated subsequently. Switzerland, a frontrunner on Article 6.2, has adopted the approach of authorising the actual co-operative agreements. Environmental non-governmental organisation Carbon Market Watch (CMW) today commended the stronger focus on the crucial role of transparency during the Bonn talks, with negotiating parties tasking UN climate arm the UNFCCC with developing a code of conduct on "treating and reviewing" information they classify as confidential about their trade agreements, although it remains to be seen how ambitious the code of conduct will be, CMW said. On the UNFCCC-regulated market mechanism under Article 6.4, which will broadly replace the clean development mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol, there is hope that the supervisory body will solve outstanding issues in the meetings it has lined up before Cop 29. These include the methodologies underpinning permitted credits and how to deal with credits generated by carbon removal activities. The Bonn talks also saw a push for a verdict on the eligibility of carbon credits generated by emissions avoidance activities. But countries ended up sticking to the position agreed at Cop 28 to postpone a decision on the issue until 2028. "Completing the remaining elements on Article 6 in Baku will unlock further funding for national climate plans and adaptation," the UNFCCC said today. By Chloe Jardine Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Low-CO2 biofuel feedstock imports to rise: USDA


24/06/13
24/06/13

Low-CO2 biofuel feedstock imports to rise: USDA

New York, 13 June (Argus) — A new US tax credit kicking off next year that is more generous for fuels that produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions will likely spur more imports of low-carbon feedstocks, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) said in a report this week. A raft of government incentives, including the federal renewable fuel standard and low-carbon fuel standards (LCFS) in states like California, has already spurred a boom in renewable diesel production, upping demand for feedstocks that can be used to make the fuel. The US was a net soybean oil importer for the first time ever in 2023 because of strong demand from domestic refineries, and the value of US imports of animal fats and vegetable oils more than doubled from 2020 to 2023 according to the report. That trend could become even more pronounced next year as the Inflation Reduction Act's 45Z tax credit, which offers up to $1.75/USG for sustainable aviation fuel and up to $1/USG for other fuels like renewable diesel, comes into force. The credit can only be claimed for fuel produced in the US, likely cutting biofuel imports and sending more feedstocks that would have been refined abroad to the US instead, the report says. The 45Z credit will also be more generous to fuels with lower carbon intensity, upping demand for waste feedstocks like used cooking oil that already fetch greater discounts in LCFS programs. Fast-rising imports of China-origin used cooking oil have already frustrated some agricultural groups, which lose out if there are more ample supplies of waste feedstocks. The report says that while soybean oil was the "crucial feedstock" allowing for the recent growth in US renewable diesel, its share of the feedstock mix has been trending downwards because of competition from lower-carbon feedstocks and lower-cost canola oil from Canada. While soybean oil exports have plunged because of the renewable diesel boom, they could recover slightly if refineries increasingly turning to waste feedstocks cuts into US soybean oil's current premium over global vegetable oils. The report adds that soybean oil's role in renewable diesel production is also at risk from rising supplies of soybean meal, which is produced alongside oil at crush plants and where the global demand picture is less clear. "Based on global demand for soybean meal, soybean oil cannot continue to fuel renewable diesel production growth at current rates during the next few years without major changes to global soybean meal demand, shifts in exporter market shares, or lower supplies in other exporting countries," the report says. By Cole Martin Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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