US Al: UBCs drop with LME against higher MWP

  • Market: Metals
  • 27/03/24

Used beverage can (UBC) scrap prices pare back the prior day's gains along with the broader exchange market, partially offset by a higher Midwest premium.

Argus' daily UBC scrap assessment declined to 81.5-83.25¢/lb on Wednesday from 82-83.5¢/lb on Tuesday. A sharp downturn in the spot aluminum contract was partially offset by a steep increase in the weekly Midwest premium assessment. Overall, buying spreads were noted multiple times in the 68-69pc range.

The cash London Metal Exchange (LME) settlement dropped to 101.51¢/lb in today's trading session from 103.21¢/lb yesterday, in line with the broader base metals complex and exacerbated by a stronger US dollar.

Argus' internal Midwest transaction price settled at 120.5¢/lb today as the P1020 differential increased to 18.5-19.5¢/lb today from 18-18.5¢/lb last Wednesday. Meanwhile, the 6061 and 6063 billet premiums were flat at 7-9¢/lb and 8-10¢/lb respectively.

Transportation time and costs started to climb higher as 2024 began as problems in the Red Sea continued and ocean freight through the Suez Canal started to drop off, which limited arbitrage opportunities for sellers of imported P1020.

Now, it remains uncertain what supply chain constraints will stem from the ship collision into Baltimore's Francis Scott Key bridge yesterday and the subsequent suspension of vessel traffic in the city's port. In 2023, more than a third of all US imports of unwrought aluminum containing greater than 99.8pc aluminum content, or 292,060 metric tonnes (t), came through the Port of Baltimore, according to US Commerce Data.


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24/04/24

China's Hunan Yuneng to build Spain battery LFP plant

China's Hunan Yuneng to build Spain battery LFP plant

Beijing, 24 April (Argus) — Chinese battery cathode producers have continued to expand investment in the overseas market, with the country's largest lithium iron phosphate (LFP) producer Hunan Yuneng planning to build a plant in Spain. Yuneng plans to invest 982mn yuan ($135.5mn) to build a 50,000 t/yr LFP production plant in Spain's Extremadura region. The firm aims to complete the site construction in 15 months after obtaining approval from the authorities. It will establish a subsidiary Yuneng International (Spain) New Energy Battery Material to develop this project. It did not disclose more details such as the launch dates. "This project is to strengthen the company's position in the global market and meet demand from overseas consumers, on the back of growing demand for LFP cathodes in the overseas market driven by the development of new energy vehicles outside China, especially in Europe," Yuneng said. Yuneng produced 504,400t of LFP cathodes in 2023, up by 50pc from a year earlier, with sales also rising by 56pc to 506,800t over the same period. It has achieved a nameplate capacity of 700,000 t/yr for LFP as of the end of 2023. It is also expanding capacity for another emerging battery cathode material, lithium manganese iron phosphate, which has higher energy density and allows for a longer driving range in electric vehicles (EVs), better performance in winter temperatures, and has lower manufacturing costs compared with LFP. Overseas expansions A growing number of Chinese battery cathode firms have accelerated their investment in overseas production projects, such as in France, Morocco and South Korea , to diversify resource origins and meet market entry conditions to the US required by the Inflation Reduction Act, and to cope with restrictions on key battery materials in the EU's Critical Raw Materials Act. Argus forecasts total demand for EV battery cathode material will reach 7.7mn t by 2034, from only 1mn t in 2022, with LFP expected to continue to take up the bigger share compared with ternary battery cathodes. Argus -assessed costs for cathode active material LFP were $13.95/kwh on 23 April, up from $12.31/kwh at the start of this year. Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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Inversión en autos eléctricos en México crecerá


23/04/24
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23/04/24

Inversión en autos eléctricos en México crecerá

Mexico City, 23 April (Argus) — Las inversiones en México en ensamblaje de vehículos eléctricos (EV) y cadenas de suministro alcanzaron un máximo histórico en 2023 y se espera que crezcan en 2024, a pesar de una reciente desaceleración de la demanda global de EV y las próximas elecciones presidenciales. Se realizaron 96 inversiones en México durante 2023 en vehículos eléctricos y gastos relacionados con la electromovilidad, que alcanzaron los $5,600 millones, según el último informe de electromovilidad de la empresa mexicana de investigación Directorio Automotriz (DA). La empresa espera que esto se expanda en 11pc a $6,200 millones en 2024. Las expectativas de crecimiento global se han moderado para los vehículos eléctricos, pero DA señaló que la trayectoria sigue siendo positiva con proyecciones para las ventas globales de EV en 13.3 millones de unidades vendidas este año frente a los 9.6 millones vendidos en 2023. El año comenzó con varios anuncios de inversión. En febrero, Volkswagen dijo que invertirá $942 millones en su centro de electromovilidad de Puebla para agregar producción de EV. Magna, una empresa de piezas estructurales de EV, invertirá $166 millones para suministrar el complejo de General Motors en Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila. Seojin Mobility de Corea planea una inversión de hasta $260 millones para una planta de montaje de motores eléctricos en Escobedo, cerca de Monterrey, Nuevo León, con planes de completarla en febrero de 2025. Hay más anuncios de inversiones relacionadas con los vehículos eléctricos en el horizonte a finales de este año para empresas chinas como BYD, el principal competidor global de Tesla, así como Chirey Motors y SAIC, afirmó DA. El factor político El momento político en el país es importante, con elecciones presidenciales el 2 de junio y leyes electorales que limitan la participación de funcionarios gubernamentales en cualquier anuncio de inversión importante o evento relacionado desde el 1 de marzo. La perspectiva de la fabricación de automóviles chinos en suelo mexicano también está provocando nerviosismo entre los grupos comerciales estadounidenses que afirman que las empresas chinas están utilizando México como centro de representación para evitar aranceles. Aunque EE. UU. tiene un arancel de 27.5pc sobre los vehículos eléctricos chinos, incluso si se fabrican en suelo mexicano, las importaciones desde México de EV construidos con piezas chinas solo pagan un arancel de 2.5pc. "Pekín ya está utilizando a México como puerta trasera para eludir los aranceles de las importaciones a EE. UU. y está siguiendo el mismo plan de juego que casi destruyó las industrias del acero y solar de EE. UU.", dijo la Alianza para la Fabricación Estadounidense (AAM, por sus siglas en ingles) en un informe a finales de febrero. La presión sobre el gobierno de EE. UU. para tomar medidas está aumentando, con la presidencia y muchos asientos del congreso en juego en las elecciones de noviembre. 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Por James Young Planes recientes de inversión en EV y electromovilidad en México Anunciado Compañía Proyecto Inversión Ubicación Feb 23 Stellantis Producción de la van de carga EV RAM ProMaster 200 Saltillo, Coahuila Marzo 23 Tesla and OEM suppliers Tesla Gigafactoría e inversiones asociadas 15,000 Santa Catarina, Nuevo Leon Marzo 23 Jetour Planta de ensamblaje de vehículos híbridos y de combustión interna 3,000 Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila Feb 24 Volkswagen Centro estratégico para EV 942 Puebla Marzo 24 Magna Agregar dos divisiones para partes de EV 166 El bajío Marzo 24 BMW Construir planta de ensamblaje de baterías para EV 849 San Luis Potosí Marzo 24 Seojin Mobility Construir planta de motores para EV 260 Sonora Abril 24* ZF Group Centro de I+D en electromovilidad 200 Monterrey, Nuevo León — Anuncios de la compañías *Abierto Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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Hydro invests in metal recycling plant at Hoyanger


22/04/24
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22/04/24

Hydro invests in metal recycling plant at Hoyanger

London, 22 April (Argus) — Norwegian aluminium producer Hydro has invested 240mn kroner ($21.8mn) in a new recycling facility alongside its primary aluminium smelter in Hoyanger, Norway. The recycling plant will process 36,000 t/yr of post-consumer aluminium scrap, as Hydro moves towards its 2030 target of reducing its emissions by 30pc compared with 2018 levels. The new facility will process scrap metal from vehicles, building facades, furniture, packaging and other consumer goods, which will be mixed with primary metal made with renewable hydropower at the Hoyanger plant. Among Hydro's low-carbon aluminium products is the Circal brand of aluminium, which is made with 75pc recycled content, and the Reduxa brand, which is made with renewable energy and generates emissions of less than 4kg CO2/kg aluminium produced. They are key to the company's emission reduction targets and ultimately reaching net zero by 2050. "Recycling is the fastest way to zero. With this new facility, we deliver on our strategy to increase recycling capacity in our efforts to decarbonise our own production processes and make products that the world needs for the green transition," the executive vice-president of Hydro's aluminium metal business, Eivind Kallevik, said. By Jethro Wookey Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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Baltimore opens third temporary shipping channel


22/04/24
News
22/04/24

Baltimore opens third temporary shipping channel

New York, 22 April (Argus) — A third temporary shipping channel has opened at the Port of Baltimore to allow more vessel traffic around the collapsed Francis Scott Key Bridge. Located on the northeast side of the main channel, the new passage has a controlling depth of 20-ft, a 300-ft horizontal clearance, and a vertical clearance of 135-ft. When combined with two other temporary channels opened earlier this month the port should be able to handle "... approximately 15 percent of pre-collapse commercial activity," said David O'Connell, the federal on-scene coordinator. The main shipping channel of the Port of Baltimore — a key conduit for US vehicle imports and coal exports — is expected to be reopened by the end of May, the Maryland Port Administration said earlier this month. The bridge collapsed into the water late last month when the 116,851dwt container ship Dali lost power and crashed into one of its support columns. Salvage teams have been working ever since to remove debris from the water and containers from the ship in order to clear the main channel. By Stephen Cunningham Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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China's Lopal starts first Indonesian LFP battery plant


22/04/24
News
22/04/24

China's Lopal starts first Indonesian LFP battery plant

Beijing, 22 April (Argus) — Major Chinese lithium iron phosphate (LFP) producer Jiangsu Lopal Tech has launched production at the first phase of its Indonesia-based LFP production plant. The Indonesian plant is the first overseas LFP battery material production project with over 10,000 t/yr capacity that a Chinese company has invested in, Lopal said. Lopal's subsidiary Changzhou Liyuan New Energy Technology started building the first phase of the project in July last year, with a 30,000 t/yr output capacity for LFP battery material. The line started pilot production in March. The plant is located in the Kendal Industrial Park in Indonesia's Central Java province. The whole project has a designed capacity of 120,000 t/yr, with the second phase of 90,000 t/yr likely to start construction in the second half of this year. This project marks a milestone in China's investment in overseas battery feedstock resources, according to market participants. Most Indonesian projects that Chinese firms invest in are for primary materials or intermediates such as lithium salts, graphite, nickel matte, mixed hydroxide precipitate (MHP) and ferro-nickel including nickel pig iron. Lopal has been accelerating its investment in lithium-ion battery material production in the past few years. It is also building a 50,000 t/yr production line for LFP and a 100,000 t/yr plant for iron phosphate in the Shandong Heze Juancheng industrial park, in which another 80,000 t/yr iron phosphate project is located. Changzhou Liyuan on 18 April released its newly-developed 4th generation high compaction LFP cathode material S501, with 2.65g/cm³ of compaction. This has increased the battery's energy density and power load, said the company. LFP has taken up a bigger market share in the power battery market because of its lower manufacturing costs and safer performance. But one of its main disadvantages is shorter driving ranges on electric vehicles because of lower energy density. Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

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