Fortescue partners Japanese firms on green hydrogen

  • Market: Electricity, Fertilizers, Hydrogen
  • 12/14/20

Australian iron ore producer Fortescue Metals is planning to work with Japanese energy firm Iwatani and engineering firm Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI) to study a green hydrogen project, aiming for future exports to Japan.

Fortescue has signed an initial agreement with Iwatani and KHI to consider developing together a supply chain of liquefied hydrogen that is produced from renewable energy sources in Australia. The firms plan to produce hydrogen from solar and wind power sources, liquefy this green hydrogen and then export it to Japan using liquid hydrogen carriers.

Fortescue is separately considering building a 250MW green hydrogen plant at Bell Bay in Tasmania with the capacity to produce 250,000 t/yr of green ammonia, powered by renewable energy. The project will be an important step towards positioning Australia at the forefront of a bulk export market for green hydrogen, the company said.

Australia is becoming a popular destination for Japanese firms to invest in the green hydrogen sector. The two countries are working together on strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, advancing hydrogen co-operation to support national and global transitions to a resilient, low-emissions economy.

Iwatani last month started a feasibility study on green hydrogen production in Australia with Queensland state-controlled power utility Stanwell, also aiming to export the liquefied hydrogen to Japan. Iwatani is the only liquefied hydrogen supplier in Japan, currently producing 120mn m³/yr. The company has a 70pc share of the domestic compressed hydrogen market.

KHI is also focusing on hydrogen in the firm's energy and environmental solutions sector, having decided to withdraw from its nuclear power-related business operations.


Sharelinkedin-sharetwitter-sharefacebook-shareemail-share

Related news posts

Argus illuminates the markets by putting a lens on the areas that matter most to you. The market news and commentary we publish reveals vital insights that enable you to make stronger, well-informed decisions. Explore a selection of news stories related to this one.

News
02/27/24

Japan’s Idemitsu joins US low-carbon ammonia project

Japan’s Idemitsu joins US low-carbon ammonia project

Osaka, 27 February (Argus) — Japanese refiner Idemitsu will participate in a planned low-carbon ammonia production project at Lake Charles in the US state of Louisiana, aiming to export the cleaner fuel to Japan. Idemitsu has agreed with Japanese trading house Mitsubishi and Swiss methanol producer Proman to join their ammonia project that is targeting exports to Japan , the refiner said on 27 February. Tokyo expects domestic demand for fuel ammonia to continue rising to meet the country's net zero by 2050 goal, which has prompted companies like Mitsubishi and Idemitsu to seek fuel ammonia supply opportunities. The US project is targeting to produce around 1.2mn t/yr of low-carbon ammonia by the April 2030-March 2031 fiscal year, using natural gas and carbon capture and storage technology. The amount of ammonia that is planned to be shipped to Japan from the project is unclear. The investment ratio of the three partners is also undisclosed. Idemitsu is pushing forward with a plan to set up an ammonia import base using the existing infrastructure of its Tokuyama complex at Shunan in western Japan's Yamaguchi prefecture. It aims to supply over 1mn t/yr of low-carbon ammonia by 2030 to industry consumers, such as in the chemical and steel sectors, in the Tokuyama complex and nearby areas. Mitsubishi is aiming to import around 1mn t/yr of ammonia by 2030 for delivery to its Namikata terminal, where existing LPG tanks will be converted to store the cleaner fuel, in western Japan's Ehime prefecture. Mitsubishi is developing the Namikata project together with utility Shikoku Electric Power, carmaker Mazda, refiner Taiyo Oil, industrial gas firm Taiyo Nippon Sanso and terminal operator Namikata Terminal. The goal is to supply the cleaner fuel to customers in Japan's Shikoku and Chugoku regions by coastal vessels from the Namikata hub. Japan's demand for ammonia as a fuel is likely to hit 3mn t/yr by 2030 and 30mn t/yr by 2050, according to the country's trade and industry ministry. This will help Japan reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 46pc by 2030 from 2013 levels, before it achieves net zero emissions by 2050. By Motoko Hasegawa Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

Read More
News

Japan eyes potential of summer power demand: Correction


02/27/24
News
02/27/24

Japan eyes potential of summer power demand: Correction

Corrects nuclear generation forecasts in paragraph 3 Tokyo, 27 February (Argus) — Japan faces potential similar consumption of thermal power generation fuels this summer with nuclear availability and forecast temperatures mostly in line with a year earlier. The Japan Meteorological Agency forecasts a 50-70pc probability of temperatures during June-August 2024 rising above the 30-year average in all parts of Japan. Average temperatures in Japan's major cities, such as Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya, during June-August 2023 were higher than the long-term average. This implies that the country is likely to face similar summer temperatures as last year. Nuclear power output is projected to rise slightly in summer from a year earlier. The operating capacity of nuclear power plants is forecast at an average of 9,595MW during June-August, while average actual operating capacity was 9,563MW in the same period in 2023, according to Argus calculations based on data from Japan's Agency for Natural Resources and Energy and notices on the Japan Electric Power Exchange website. Hotter weather across the country in 2023 failed to lift thermal fuel demand, with power demand in Japan's 10 service areas averaging 104.3GW for June-August, down by 1.2pc from the same period a year earlier, according to nationwide transmission system operator the Organisation for Cross-regional Co-ordination of Transmission Operators. The rainy season normally cuts solar output. But sunlight hours were unusually longer in 2023 compared with 2022, which increased solar output and helped curb thermal generation. Continued energy saving efforts also helped to cut electricity use. Japan's LNG consumption for power generation totalled 9.8mn t during June-August 2023, according to the trade and industry ministry. Coal use totalled 26.5mn t, while oil consumption — including fuel oil, diesel and crude — was 57,651 b/d. LPG use was 6,014t. By Nanami Oki and Reina Maeda Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

News

Germany passes draft carbon management strategy


02/26/24
News
02/26/24

Germany passes draft carbon management strategy

Berlin, 26 February (Argus) — Germany's economy and climate ministry today proposed legal changes that will enable the deployment of carbon capture and storage or use (CCS/CCU) and the transport and offshore storage of carbon in the country, along with the possibility of applying carbon capture to gas-fired power plants. Federal minister of economic affairs and climate action Robert Habeck presented draft "key points" for a future carbon management strategy, along with a draft amendment to the country's carbon storage law. Habeck stressed that public support for CCS/CCU will be "focused" on emissions that are difficult or impossible to avoid. Germany's government will also ratify the amendment to the London Protocol , enabling the export of CO2, Habeck said. Storing carbon will be permitted in Germany's offshore zone with the exception of protected areas. This will enable Germany to "catch up" with its European neighbours, such as Norway. "In this way, we face the responsibility instead of shifting it to others," Habeck said. But permanent carbon storage onshore will remain banned. The application of CCS to gas-fired power plants was already mentioned as a possibility in the government's draft power plant strategy, to the surprise of observers. Environmental group Germanwatch today slammed the move as having been carried out "evidently at the instigation of the [pro-business government coalition partner] FDP", adding that it might "destroy acceptance for any kind of CCS in Germany". CCS for coal-fired power generation will not be allowed. CCS for gas-fired plants will be permitted but not financially supported, the ministry said. Habeck called the decisions "pragmatic" and "responsible". Without CCS and CCU, Germany's climate targets will be "impossible to reach", he said, adding that "many industrialised countries are already making great strides in developing the technology". And CCS will be needed for the technical carbon sinks that will be necessary to achieve sufficient negative emissions. Natural sinks will not suffice, Habeck said. The ministry is working on a strategy for negative emissions that will be "a kind of sister strategy to the carbon management strategy". The draft carbon storage law will provide a legal framework for future CO2 pipeline infrastructure that is expected to be privately sponsored but within a state regulatory framework. The drafts will now be sent to other ministries, and hearings for the federal states and associations will follow. Germany plans to reach greenhouse gas neutrality in 2045. Recent documents from the European Commission detail a substantial role for carbon management for the EU to reach its climate targets. By Chloe Jardine Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

News

Liberty Steel targets Australian hydrogen, CCS deals


02/26/24
News
02/26/24

Liberty Steel targets Australian hydrogen, CCS deals

Sydney, 26 February (Argus) — UK-owned producer Liberty Steel has signed separate agreements with the South Australia (SA) state government and domestic independent Santos to respectively explore the use of hydrogen and discuss carbon capture and storage (CCS) opportunities for its Whyalla steel plant in SA. Liberty could become the first domestic third-party customer for the Santos-operated 1.7mn t/yr Moomba CCS project in SA's onshore Cooper basin, which is on track to start injection in mid-2024. Santos has secured finance for its $150mn share of the $220mn project, it said on 26 February, following an initial deal signed with Liberty over the weekend. Santos and Liberty will now enter discussions for a potential term natural gas supply deal that could include abated gas from Moomba. This could help reducing residual emissions from the Whyalla steelworks during a transition period, before the plant fully moves to green hydrogen once that is available at scale, Liberty's owner GFG Alliance said on 25 February. Liberty's separate agreement with the SA government, also signed on 25 February, is for potential supplies from the government's planned 250MW green hydrogen facility near Whyalla in the Spencer Gulf region. The SA government last October chose a consortium comprising Canadian-owned infrastructure group Atco and German firm Linde's subsidiary BOC as preferred contractors for the plant, which is expected to come on line by the end of 2025 . "Today's agreement gives us and our stakeholders confidence to ramp up our efforts and commitment to the production of our 4bn t of high-quality magnetite, the establishment of a state-of-the-art green iron and green steel plant which will ultimately be powered by renewable energy and green hydrogen," GFG Alliance chairman Sanjeev Gupta said. Liberty plans to build an electric arc furnace (EAF) at Whyalla , which will replace the existing coke ovens and blast furnace and lift steel production capacity to more than 1.5mn t/yr from 1mn t/yr. The company has received a A$63.2mn ($41.4mn) grant from the Australian federal government to support the purchase and installation of the EAF. It also has A$50mn committed by the SA government for use towards the EAF, pending approval. GFG Alliance also plans to produce 7.5mn t/yr of iron pellet from locally-sourced magnetite from 2030 in a direct reduced iron plant, which would initially use a mix of natural gas and green hydrogen as the reducing agent before fully transitioning to the latter. Santos is also targeting to offer CCS services from Moomba to reduce emissions from other hard-to-abate industries such as aluminium and cement, as well as from fuels like LNG, it said. Santos owns 66.7pc of Moomba with the balance controlled by Australian independent Beach Energy, which anticipates 30pc of its equity greenhouse gas emissions will be offset by the storage . By Juan Weik Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.

News

'Huge demand' ahead of carbon exchange: Australia’s CER


02/23/24
News
02/23/24

'Huge demand' ahead of carbon exchange: Australia’s CER

Sydney, 23 February (Argus) — Demand for Australian carbon credits and renewable energy certificates is expected to continue increasing rapidly over the coming years, including voluntary markets, officials at the country's Clean Energy Regulator (CER) said today as they unveiled details about the planned Australian Carbon Exchange. Cancellations of Australian Carbon Credit Units (ACCUs) are estimated to have reached around 1mn in 2023 in the voluntary market, a new high and up from approximately 855,000 in 2022, while those for large-scale generation certificates (LGCs) rose to an estimated 4.9mn last year from 3.4mn the previous year, CER's general manager Jane Wardlaw said during a webinar organised by the Australia-based industry group Carbon Market Institute. While most of the demand for both products comes from compliance obligations under Australia's Renewable Energy Target and Emission Reduction Fund, including the revamped Safeguard Mechanism , companies can also make cancellations against voluntary certification programmes such as the federal government-backed Climate Active or under organisational emissions or energy targets. The CER is expecting "huge demand" in the voluntary market stemming from Australia's planned stricter mandatory emissions reporting , especially for LGCs, executive general manager Mark Williamson said on 23 February. Demand for ACCUs in the compliance market has been already increasing on the back of new safeguard obligations starting from the July 2023-June 2024 financial year, Wardlaw said. The regulator has been working closely with the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) and technology solutions provider Trovio Group on its planned Australian Carbon Exchange . Trovio as a first step is developing a new registry for the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units, which is expected to come on line in the second half of 2024, with the exchange itself set to be launched between the end of 2024 and early 2025. "We think it's time to move to an exchange-based market where participants can trade anonymously," CER chair David Parker said, noting the buying side of the market has become much more diversified in recent years. "That's not intended to lock out the over-the-counter [OTC] arrangements," Parker said, adding the regulator hopes OTC trades will be cleared on the exchange. Companies that operate existing trading platforms will be able to connect their systems to the new registry. But the CER will require them to "release some data transparency" such as volumes and prices, Wardlaw said. New options The registry and exchange will incorporate other existing certificates like LGCs and small-scale technology certificates, as well as new ones such as the proposed guarantees of origin for hydrogen and renewable electricity . It will also include the new Safeguard Mechanism credit units (SMCs), which will be issued by the government to facilities that reduce their emissions below their baselines. The CER plans to publish information about which facilities are issued SMCs. While the exchange works with the CER on the new spot exchange, ASX's senior manager of issuer services Karen Webb said it is developing its own separate carbon futures contracts, which it is planning to launch in July 2024. The physically settled contracts will consist of ACCUs, LGCs and New Zealand units, for delivery up to five years ahead. By Juan Weik Send comments and request more information at feedback@argusmedia.com Copyright © 2024. Argus Media group . All rights reserved.