Conab: Safra de cana-de-açúcar bate recorde

  • Market: Agriculture, Biofuels
  • 18/04/24

A moagem de cana-de-açúcar da safra 2023-24 foi a maior da história do país, em meio a condições climáticas favoráveis e investimentos no setor, de acordo com dados da Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Conab).

O processamento total de matéria-prima da safra de 2023-24, entre abril de 2023 e o mesmo mês deste ano, totalizou 713,2 milhões de t, alta de 16pc em comparação a 610,8 milhões de t na temporada anterior.

As áreas destinadas à atividade canavieira aumentaram 0,5pc, para 8,3 milhões de hectares (ha).

A maior disponibilidade de matéria-prima estendeu as operações de moagem – que normalmente param em novembro – até dezembro em importantes estados produtores, como São Paulo.

Produção de etanol

Tanto a produção de etanol quanto a de açúcar cresceram, segundo a Conab.

A produção total de etanol do Brasil – excluindo o biocombustível à base de milho – atingiu 29,6 milhões de m³, salto de 11pc na base anual.

O etanol hidratado representou a maior parte do crescimento do processamento este ano, totalizando 17,6 milhões de m³, aumento de 16pc em relação ao ciclo anterior.

A paridade favorável para o E100 frente à gasolina na bomba nos principais estados consumidores impulsionou a demanda pelo biocombustível na temporada.

Já a produção de etanol anidro subiu 6,5pc, para 12 milhões de m³.

O processamento de etanol à base de milho avançou 33pc, registrando 5,9 milhões de m³, com crescentes investimentos no setor tanto no Centro-Sul quanto em outras regiões.

O anidro de milho subiu 45pc, para 2,2 milhões de m³. Para o hidratado, o resultado foi de 3,6 milhões de m³, alta anual de 26pc.

O Brasil exportou 2,5 milhões de m³ de etanol na temporada de 2023-24, queda de 2,9pc em comparação à safra passada. Os Estados Unidos foram os maiores compradores do biocombustível, com 33pc dos embarques. Em seguida, a Coreia do Sul e o hub Amsterdã-Roterdã-Antuérpia (ARA) responderam por 17pc e 12pc, respectivamente.

Já as importações de etanol caíram 43pc em comparação ao ano anterior, somando 215.000m³. Quase todo o produto chegou dos EUA e do Paraguai, que representaram 55,5pc e 44,3pc do volume total.

Enquanto isso, a produção de açúcar aumentou 24pc, para 45,6 milhões de t, com usinas direcionando mais matéria-prima para o adoçante em meio a preços atrativos para a commodity no mercado internacional.

O Brasil exportou 35,2 milhões de t de açúcar de abril a março, alta de 26pc no ano, em um cenário em que grandes exportadores, como Índia e Paquistão, diminuíram as entregas. China, Índia e Indonésia foram os maiores importadores do produto brasileiro.


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