Itaqui lança Aliança para Descarbonização de Portos

  • Market: Biofuels, Freight, Hydrogen
  • 25/03/24

O porto de Itaqui lançou a Aliança Brasileira para Descarbonização de Portos, visando reduzir emissões e aumentar o uso de combustíveis marítimos alternativos, como biobunkers e hidrogênio verde.

O grupo está em vigor desde 6 de março e conta com 36 participantes, entre portos, associações, empresas, terminais, sindicatos, órgãos públicos e startups. Grandes portos como Itaqui (MA), Paranaguá (PR) e Suape (PE) fazem parte da aliança.

Os portos do Pecém (CE), Açu (RJ), Rio Grande (RS), Cabedelo (PB) e Rio de Janeiro (RJ) também aderiram à iniciativa.

O maior porto da América Latina, Santos (SP), demonstrou interesse no projeto, mas ainda não assinou, contou Luane Lemos, gerente de meio ambiente de Itaqui e coordenadora da aliança, à Argus.

A aliança marítima espanhola para zerar as emissões inspirou o projeto. Um dos seus membros – o porto de Valência – é signatário do projeto brasileiro.

O grupo não divulgou uma estimativa total de quantas emissões de gases de efeito estufa planeja reduzir.

Seus principais objetivos incluem a troca de informações e a garantia de conhecimentos básicos aos participantes para nivelar questões de descarbonização, disse Lemos.

Outro ponto chave para a aliança é acelerar a transição energética, dado que alguns portos já desenvolvem projetos para mitigar as emissões, mas lutam para encontrar equipamentos e mão de obra adequados.

Os membros também poderão usar a aliança para pesquisar e financiar projetos de hidrogénio verde, ela afirmou.

Itaqui, que propôs e lidera a iniciativa, divulgou seu próprio plano de descarbonização no fim de 2023.

O porto tem uma parceria com Valência para zerar as emissões de efeito estufa.

A Transpetro, braço de distribuição da Petrobras – que faz parte do grupo – está conversando com Itaqui para iniciar um projeto piloto para zerar emissões em um dos berços que opera no Maranhão, disse Lemos.

"Uma das propostas da Transpetro é pensar em como levaríamos bunker verde ao estado para abastecer os navios atracados", acrescentou. Se aprovada, a experiência teria início no segundo semestre de 2024.


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